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Keywords:

  • amination;
  • aniline;
  • industrial chemistry;
  • reaction mechanisms
Thumbnail image of graphical abstract

Suspended amination: Semi-batch oxidative synthesis of aniline from benzene and ammonia was performed at atmospheric pressure using a NiO/ZrO2 cataloreactant in a microreactor flow setup. A Langmuir–Hinshelwood mechanism is suggested based on the surface reaction between adsorbed benzene- and ammonia-derived NHx species on metallic Ni surface sites.