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Keywords:

  • biofuels;
  • cellulose;
  • flash pyrolysis;
  • heterogeneous catalysis
Thumbnail image of graphical abstract

A fuelling success: High-quality aromatic fuel additives can be produced directly from solid biomass feedstocks by catalytic fast pyrolysis in a single catalytic reactor at short residence times. High heating rates and catalyst-to-feed ratios are needed to ensure that pyrolized biomass compounds enter the pores of the ZSM5 catalyst and that thermal decomposition is avoided. Product selectivity is a function of the active site and pore structure of the catalyst.