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Keywords:

  • sustainable chemistry;
  • biomass;
  • carbohydrates;
  • cellulose;
  • furans

Abstract

Thumbnail image of graphical abstract

From biomass to mass transportation: Waste biomass (newspaper, corn stover, straw, and wood) is converted into biofuel precursors and value-added products in excellent yield using a simple, inexpensive process involving concurrent hydrolysis, dehydration, and substitution reactions in a biphasic reactor. The hemicellulose fraction of these substrates is simultaneously converted into furfural, and together these constitute an efficient means for the total exploitation of the carbohydrate content of biomass.