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Biomass into Chemicals: Aerobic Oxidation of 5-Hydroxymethyl-2-furfural into 2,5-Furandicarboxylic Acid with Gold Nanoparticle Catalysts

Authors

  • Onofre Casanova,

    1. Instituto de Tecnología Química (UPV-CSIC), Universitat Politècnica de València, Avda dels Tarongers s/n, 46022 Valencia (Spain), Fax: (+34) 963877809
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  • Sara Iborra Dr.,

    1. Instituto de Tecnología Química (UPV-CSIC), Universitat Politècnica de València, Avda dels Tarongers s/n, 46022 Valencia (Spain), Fax: (+34) 963877809
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  • Avelino Corma Prof.

    1. Instituto de Tecnología Química (UPV-CSIC), Universitat Politècnica de València, Avda dels Tarongers s/n, 46022 Valencia (Spain), Fax: (+34) 963877809
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Abstract

5-hydroxymethyl-2-furfural is selectively converted into 2,5-furandicarboxylic acid (99 mol % yield) in water, under mild conditions (65–130 °C, 10 bar air) with gold nanoparticles supported on nanoparticulate ceria (Au-CeO2) and on titania (Au-TiO2); the former being more active and selective. A reaction mechanism is established and the rate-limiting step of the reaction is the alcohol oxidation of 5-hydroxymethyl-2-furancarboxylic acid into 2,5-furandicarboxylic acid. The effects of pressure, temperature, substrate-to-catalyst ratio, and amount of base are studied to find the most suitable reaction conditions. The absence of metal leaching is verified by chemical analysis of the reaction solution and by confirming that the reaction does not occur after catalyst removal by filtration in hot water. Substrate degradation is strongly diminished and the catalyst life increased by performing the reaction in two temperature steps.

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