Can Metal–Organic Framework Materials Play a Useful Role in Large-Scale Carbon Dioxide Separations?
Article first published online: 17 AUG 2010
Copyright © 2010 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim
Special Issue: Carbon Capture and Sequestration
Volume 3, Issue 8, pages 879–891, August 23, 2010
How to Cite
Keskin, S., van Heest, Timothy M. and Sholl, David S. (2010), Can Metal–Organic Framework Materials Play a Useful Role in Large-Scale Carbon Dioxide Separations?. ChemSusChem, 3: 879–891. doi: 10.1002/cssc.201000114
- Issue published online: 17 AUG 2010
- Article first published online: 17 AUG 2010
- Manuscript Received: 15 APR 2010
- National Science Foundation
- carbon storage;
- metal-organic frameworks;
- porous materials;
- sustainable chemistry
Metal–organic frameworks (MOFs) are a fascinating class of crystalline nanoporous materials that can be synthesized with a diverse range of pore dimensions, topologies, and chemical functionality. As with other well-known nanoporous materials, such as activated carbon and zeolites, MOFs have potential uses in a range of chemical separation applications because of the possibility of selective adsorption and diffusion of molecules in their pores. We review the current state of knowledge surrounding the possibility of using MOFs in large-scale carbon dioxide separations. There are reasons to be optimistic that MOFs may make useful contributions to this important problem, but there are several critical issues for which only very limited information is available. By identifying these issues, we provide what we hope is a path forward to definitively answering the question posed in our title.