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C[BOND]C Bond Formation Reactions for Biomass-Derived Molecules



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Biomass is used as feedstock to produce renewable fuels and chemicals. To produce petroleum-derived fuels (between 8 to 15 carbons in length) from the major building blocks of biomass, which are carbohydrates of typically 5 or 6 carbons in length, there must be a C[BOND]C bond formation from the biomass-derived molecules. Chemical routes that can be employed to create C[BOND]C bonds from biomass-derived feedstocks are provided.