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Keywords:

  • biofuels;
  • biomass;
  • catalysis;
  • carbohydrates;
  • chromium
Thumbnail image of graphical abstract

Furans from pentoses: Pentose-derived furfural is a commodity chemical produced from lignocellulose. A new route to furfural from renewable carbohydrates uses chromium catalysts under mild conditions to avail a chemical mechanism distinct from the usual acid catalysis. Applicable to both xylose and xylan, this new method offers an advantageous route to biomass-derived chemicals.