Get access

Synthesis of Furfural from Xylose by Heterogeneous and Reusable Nafion Catalysts

Authors

  • Dr. Edmond Lam,

    1. Biotechnology Research Institute, National Research Council Canada, 6100 Royalmount Avenue, Montreal, QC H4P 2R2 (Canada), Fax: (+1) 514 496-6265
    Search for more papers by this author
  • Ehsan Majid,

    1. Biotechnology Research Institute, National Research Council Canada, 6100 Royalmount Avenue, Montreal, QC H4P 2R2 (Canada), Fax: (+1) 514 496-6265
    Search for more papers by this author
  • Dr. Alfred C. W. Leung,

    1. Biotechnology Research Institute, National Research Council Canada, 6100 Royalmount Avenue, Montreal, QC H4P 2R2 (Canada), Fax: (+1) 514 496-6265
    Search for more papers by this author
  • Dr. Jonathan H. Chong,

    1. Biotechnology Research Institute, National Research Council Canada, 6100 Royalmount Avenue, Montreal, QC H4P 2R2 (Canada), Fax: (+1) 514 496-6265
    Search for more papers by this author
  • Dr. Khaled A. Mahmoud,

    1. Biotechnology Research Institute, National Research Council Canada, 6100 Royalmount Avenue, Montreal, QC H4P 2R2 (Canada), Fax: (+1) 514 496-6265
    Search for more papers by this author
  • Prof. Dr. John H. T. Luong

    Corresponding author
    1. Biotechnology Research Institute, National Research Council Canada, 6100 Royalmount Avenue, Montreal, QC H4P 2R2 (Canada), Fax: (+1) 514 496-6265
    • Biotechnology Research Institute, National Research Council Canada, 6100 Royalmount Avenue, Montreal, QC H4P 2R2 (Canada), Fax: (+1) 514 496-6265
    Search for more papers by this author

Abstract

Nafion 117 has been proven as a robust and reusable heterogeneous catalyst for the dehydration of 9.1 % (w/w) xylose in dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO) to yield 60 % furfural in 2 h at 150 °C. The catalytic high activity promoted shorter reaction times to limit the formation of side-products which otherwise would lead to decreased yields. Within the allowable operating temperature range of Nafion (125 to 175 °C), the reaction was kinetically controlled. In corroboration with AFM and SEM imaging, ATR–FTIR confirmed that the Nafion catalytic activity remained unchanged after 15 repeated uses. With excellent chemical and thermal stability under the conditions for xylose dehydration compared to existing solid acid catalysts, this reusable Nafion system could be a step towards the more economical production of furfural from renewable biomass, an intermediate chemical for the preparation of value-added chemicals.

Get access to the full text of this article

Ancillary