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Energy from Plants and Microorganisms: Progress in Plant–Microbial Fuel Cells

Authors

  • Dr. Huan Deng,

    1. Key Laboratory of Urban Environment and Health, Institute of Urban Environment, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 1799 Jimei Road, Xiamen, P.O. 361021 (P.R. China)
    2. Research Center for Eco-Environmental Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 1799 Jimei Road, Xiamen, P.O. 361021 (P.R. China)
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  • Dr. Zheng Chen,

    1. Research Center for Eco-Environmental Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 1799 Jimei Road, Xiamen, P.O. 361021 (P.R. China)
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  • Prof. Feng Zhao

    Corresponding author
    1. Key Laboratory of Urban Environment and Health, Institute of Urban Environment, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 1799 Jimei Road, Xiamen, P.O. 361021 (P.R. China)
    • Key Laboratory of Urban Environment and Health, Institute of Urban Environment, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 1799 Jimei Road, Xiamen, P.O. 361021 (P.R. China)
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Abstract

Plant–microbial fuel cells (PMFCs) are newly emerging devices, in which electricity can be generated by microorganisms that use root exudates as fuel. This review presents the development of PMFCs, with a summary of their power generation, configurations, plant types, anode and cathode materials, biofilm communities, potential applications, and future directions.

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