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Keywords:

  • acidity;
  • biomass;
  • carbohydrates;
  • homogeneous catalysis;
  • iron
Thumbnail image of graphical abstract

Working with real samples: Aqueous solutions of FeCl3–NaCl (or seawater) dehydrate xylose to afford furfural, which can extracted in situ into 2-MTHF as second phase. Furfural is successfully obtained when aqueous nonpurified xylose effluents directly from lignocellulose fractionation are tested.