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Design of Nanocatalysts for Green Hydrogen Production from Bioethanol

Authors

  • Dr. Nicolas Bion,

    1. Laboratoire de Catalyse en Chimie Organique, UMR 6503, CNRS-Université de Poitiers, B27, 4 rue Michel Brunet, 86022 Poitiers cedex (France), Fax: (+33) 549 454 832
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  • Dr. Daniel Duprez,

    1. Laboratoire de Catalyse en Chimie Organique, UMR 6503, CNRS-Université de Poitiers, B27, 4 rue Michel Brunet, 86022 Poitiers cedex (France), Fax: (+33) 549 454 832
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  • Dr. Florence Epron

    Corresponding author
    1. Laboratoire de Catalyse en Chimie Organique, UMR 6503, CNRS-Université de Poitiers, B27, 4 rue Michel Brunet, 86022 Poitiers cedex (France), Fax: (+33) 549 454 832
    • Laboratoire de Catalyse en Chimie Organique, UMR 6503, CNRS-Université de Poitiers, B27, 4 rue Michel Brunet, 86022 Poitiers cedex (France), Fax: (+33) 549 454 832
    Search for more papers by this author

Abstract

Bioethanol is an interesting feedstock that may be used for hydrogen production by steam or autothermal reforming. However, the impurities (heavy alcohols, esters, acids, N compounds) contained in the raw feedstock require a costly purification, as they have a dramatic impact on catalyst activity and stability. Thus, a method that can utilize the raw feedstock without severe degradation of the catalyst would be desirable. In this Minireview, the composition of bioethanol from first and second generation biomass, the reactions involved in the catalytic ethanol steam reforming process and the design of catalysts adapted for hydrogen production from a real bioethanol feed are surveyed.

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