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Keywords:

  • furfural;
  • hemicelluloses;
  • heterogeneous catalysis;
  • levulinic acid;
  • sustainable chemistry
Thumbnail image of graphical abstract

Plans with plants: The hemicellulose fraction of lignocellulosic biomass is converted to furfural and levulinic acid using biphasic reactors with alkylphenol solvents that selectively partition furanic compounds from acidic aqueous solutions. The furfural and levulinic acid products are valuable compounds for a variety of chemical applications, and they serve as precursors for the synthesis of liquid transportation fuels.