Ethylene Production by ODHE in Catalytically Modified Ba0.5Sr0.5Co0.8Fe0.2O3−δ Membrane Reactors

Authors

  • Dr. M. Pilar Lobera,

    1. Instituto de Tecnología Química (UPV-CSIC), Universidad Politécnica de Valencia, Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas, Avenida de los Naranjos s/n.46022 Valencia (Spain), Fax: (+34) 963877809
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  • Sonia Escolástico,

    1. Instituto de Tecnología Química (UPV-CSIC), Universidad Politécnica de Valencia, Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas, Avenida de los Naranjos s/n.46022 Valencia (Spain), Fax: (+34) 963877809
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  • Julio Garcia-Fayos,

    1. Instituto de Tecnología Química (UPV-CSIC), Universidad Politécnica de Valencia, Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas, Avenida de los Naranjos s/n.46022 Valencia (Spain), Fax: (+34) 963877809
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  • Dr. José M. Serra

    Corresponding author
    1. Instituto de Tecnología Química (UPV-CSIC), Universidad Politécnica de Valencia, Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas, Avenida de los Naranjos s/n.46022 Valencia (Spain), Fax: (+34) 963877809
    • Instituto de Tecnología Química (UPV-CSIC), Universidad Politécnica de Valencia, Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas, Avenida de los Naranjos s/n.46022 Valencia (Spain), Fax: (+34) 963877809
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  • ODHE=oxidative dehydrogenation of ethane.

Abstract

Process intensification by the integration of membranes and high-temperature reactors offers several advantages with regard to conventional process schemes, that is, energy saving, safe operation, reduced plant/unit size, and higher process performance, for example, higher productivity, catalytic activity, selectivity, or stability. We present the study of oxidative dehydrogenation of ethane at 850 °C on a catalytic membrane reactor based on a mixed ionic–electronic conducting membrane. The surface of the membrane made of Ba0.5Sr0.5Co0.8Fe0.2O3−δ has been activated by using different porous catalytic layers based on perovskites. The layer was deposited by screen printing, and the porosity and thickness was studied for the catalyst composition. The different catalyst formulations are based on partial substitution of A- and B-site atoms of doped strontium ferrite/cobaltites (A0.6Sr0.4Co0.5Fe0.5O3−δ and Ba0.6Sr0.4BO3−δ) and were synthesized by an ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid–citrate complexation route. The use of a disk-shaped membrane in the reactor enabled the direct contact of gaseous oxygen and hydrocarbons to be avoided, and thus, the ethylene content increased. High ethylene yields (up to ≈81 %) were obtained by using a catalytic coating based on Ba0.5Sr0.5Co0.8Fe0.2O3−δ, which included macropores produced by the addition of graphite platelets into the screen-printing ink. The promising catalytic results obtained with this catalytically modified membrane reactor are attributed to the combination of 1) the high activity, as a result of the high temperature and oxygen species diffusing through the membrane; 2) the control of oxygen dosing and the low concentration of molecules in the gas phase; and 3) suitable fluid dynamics, which enables appropriate feed contact with the membrane and the rapid removal of products.

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