Solvent is one of the major sources of waste in the course of catalyzed direct arylations. Some palladium-catalyzed direct arylations of heteroaromatics can be advantageously performed without any solvent. In the presence of palladium catalysts (1 mol %) and potassium acetate as the base, the direct 5-arylation of some thiazoles, thiophenes, furans, or pyrroles with aryl bromides as coupling partners proceeds highly regioselectively and in moderate to high yields. However, the use of these solvent-free conditions is limited to electron-deficient aryl bromides.
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