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Synthesis of High-Quality Diesel with Furfural and 2-Methylfuran from Hemicellulose

Authors

  • Guangyi Li,

    1. State Key Laboratory of Catalysis, Dalian Institute of Chemical Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Dalian 116023 (PR China), Fax: (+86) 411-84691570
    2. Graduate University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 10049 (PR China)
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  • Dr. Ning Li,

    1. State Key Laboratory of Catalysis, Dalian Institute of Chemical Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Dalian 116023 (PR China), Fax: (+86) 411-84691570
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  • Zhiqiang Wang,

    1. State Key Laboratory of Catalysis, Dalian Institute of Chemical Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Dalian 116023 (PR China), Fax: (+86) 411-84691570
    2. Department of Chemical Engineering, Sichuan University, Chengdu 610065 (PR China)
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  • Dr. Changzhi Li,

    1. State Key Laboratory of Catalysis, Dalian Institute of Chemical Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Dalian 116023 (PR China), Fax: (+86) 411-84691570
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  • Prof. Aiqin Wang,

    1. State Key Laboratory of Catalysis, Dalian Institute of Chemical Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Dalian 116023 (PR China), Fax: (+86) 411-84691570
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  • Prof. Xiaodong Wang,

    1. State Key Laboratory of Catalysis, Dalian Institute of Chemical Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Dalian 116023 (PR China), Fax: (+86) 411-84691570
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  • Prof. Yu Cong,

    1. State Key Laboratory of Catalysis, Dalian Institute of Chemical Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Dalian 116023 (PR China), Fax: (+86) 411-84691570
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  • Prof. Tao Zhang

    Corresponding author
    1. State Key Laboratory of Catalysis, Dalian Institute of Chemical Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Dalian 116023 (PR China), Fax: (+86) 411-84691570
    • State Key Laboratory of Catalysis, Dalian Institute of Chemical Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Dalian 116023 (PR China), Fax: (+86) 411-84691570
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Abstract

Hydroxyalkylation–alkylation (HAA) coupled with hydrodeoxygenation is a promising route for the synthesis of renewable high-quality diesel or jet fuel. In this work, a series of solid-acid catalysts were firstly used for HAA between lignocellulose-derived furan and carbonyl compounds. Among the investigated catalysts, Nafion-212 resin demonstrated the highest activity and stability. Owing to the high activity of the reactants and the advantage in industrial integration, the HAA of 2-methylfuran (2-MF) and furfural can be considered as a prospective route in future applications. Catalyst loading, reaction temperature, and time had evident effects on the HAA of 2-MF and furfural over Nafion-212 resin. Finally, the HAA product of 2-MF and furfural was hydrogenated over a Pd/C catalyst and hydrodeoxygenated over Pt-loaded solid-acid catalysts. Pt/zirconium phosphate (Pt/ZrP) was found to be the best catalyst for hydrodeoxygenation. Over the 4 % Pt/ZrP catalyst, a 94 % carbon yield of diesel and 75 % carbon yield of C15 hydrocarbons (with 6-butylundecane as the major component) was achieved.

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