Evaluation of the Catalytic Performance of Gas-Evolving Electrodes using Local Electrochemical Noise Measurements

Authors

  • Aleksandar R. Zeradjanin,

    1. Analytische Chemie—Elektroanalytik & Sensorik, Ruhr-Universität Bochum, Universitätsstr. 150, 44780 Bochum (Germany), Fax: (+49) 2343214683
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  • Dr. Edgar Ventosa,

    1. Analytische Chemie—Elektroanalytik & Sensorik, Ruhr-Universität Bochum, Universitätsstr. 150, 44780 Bochum (Germany), Fax: (+49) 2343214683
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  • Dr. Alexander S. Bondarenko,

    1. Center for Electrochemical Sciences—CES, Ruhr-Universität Bochum, Universitätsstr. 150, 44780 Bochum (Germany)
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  • Prof. Dr. Wolfgang Schuhmann

    Corresponding author
    1. Analytische Chemie—Elektroanalytik & Sensorik, Ruhr-Universität Bochum, Universitätsstr. 150, 44780 Bochum (Germany), Fax: (+49) 2343214683
    2. Center for Electrochemical Sciences—CES, Ruhr-Universität Bochum, Universitätsstr. 150, 44780 Bochum (Germany)
    • Analytische Chemie—Elektroanalytik & Sensorik, Ruhr-Universität Bochum, Universitätsstr. 150, 44780 Bochum (Germany), Fax: (+49) 2343214683
    Search for more papers by this author

Abstract

Characterization of gas evolution reactions at the electrode/electrolyte boundary is often difficult due to the dynamic behavior of interfacial processes. Electrochemical noise measurements determined by scanning electrochemical microscopy were used to characterize Cl2 evolution at gas-evolving electrodes (GEEs). Analysis of the electrochemical noise is a powerful method to evaluate the efficiency of the catalyst layer at a GEE. The high sensitivity of the developed measurement system enabled accurate monitoring of the current fluctuations caused by gas-bubble detachment from the electrode surface. Fourier transform analysis of the obtained current responses allows extraction of the characteristic frequency, which is the main parameter of the macrokinetics of GEEs. The characteristic frequency was used as part of a methodology to evaluate the catalyst performance and, in particular, to estimate the fraction of the catalyst layer that is active during the gas evolution reaction.

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