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Keywords:

  • alcohols;
  • gold;
  • heterogeneous catalysis;
  • nanoparticles;
  • oxidation

Abstract

The choice of a suitable support for gold nanoparticles (Au NPs) enabled the direct oxidation of unreactive aliphatic alcohol, 1-octanol, to octanoic acid and octyl octanoate in the absence of a base. Under optimized conditions, Au NPs supported on NiO (Au/NiO) exhibited remarkably high catalytic activities and excellent selectivities to octanoic acid (e.g., 97 %) at full conversion. In contrast to Au/NiO, Au/CeO2 selectively produced octyl octanoate as a major product in a base-free aqueous solution with a maximum selectivity of 82 % under optimized conditions.