Bifunctionalized Hollow Nanospheres for the One-Pot Synthesis of Methyl Isobutyl Ketone from Acetone

Authors

  • Peng Wang,

    1. State Key Laboratory of Catalysis, Dalian Institute of Chemical Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 457 Zhongshan Road, Dalian 116023 (P.R. China), Fax: (+84) 411-84694447
    2. Graduate School of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049 (P.R. China)
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  • Shiyang Bai,

    1. State Key Laboratory of Catalysis, Dalian Institute of Chemical Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 457 Zhongshan Road, Dalian 116023 (P.R. China), Fax: (+84) 411-84694447
    2. Graduate School of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049 (P.R. China)
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  • Jiao Zhao,

    1. State Key Laboratory of Catalysis, Dalian Institute of Chemical Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 457 Zhongshan Road, Dalian 116023 (P.R. China), Fax: (+84) 411-84694447
    2. Graduate School of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049 (P.R. China)
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  • Panpan Su,

    1. State Key Laboratory of Catalysis, Dalian Institute of Chemical Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 457 Zhongshan Road, Dalian 116023 (P.R. China), Fax: (+84) 411-84694447
    2. Graduate School of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049 (P.R. China)
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  • Prof. Qihua Yang,

    Corresponding author
    1. State Key Laboratory of Catalysis, Dalian Institute of Chemical Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 457 Zhongshan Road, Dalian 116023 (P.R. China), Fax: (+84) 411-84694447
    • State Key Laboratory of Catalysis, Dalian Institute of Chemical Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 457 Zhongshan Road, Dalian 116023 (P.R. China), Fax: (+84) 411-84694447
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  • Prof. Can Li

    Corresponding author
    1. State Key Laboratory of Catalysis, Dalian Institute of Chemical Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 457 Zhongshan Road, Dalian 116023 (P.R. China), Fax: (+84) 411-84694447
    • State Key Laboratory of Catalysis, Dalian Institute of Chemical Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 457 Zhongshan Road, Dalian 116023 (P.R. China), Fax: (+84) 411-84694447
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Abstract

Pd-doped propyl sulfonic acid-functionalized hollow nanospheres proved to be efficient bifunctionalized catalysts for the one-pot synthesis of methyl isobutyl ketone (MIBK) from acetone and hydrogen in liquid phase. These hollow nanospheres exhibited a higher activity than their bulk mesoporous counterparts (SBA-15 or FDU-12), mainly due to the short diffusion resistance of hollow nanospheres. Hollow nanospheres with silica frameworks showed higher activity and selectivity for MIBK than those with ethane-bridged frameworks, suggesting that hollow nanospheres with hydrophilic surface properties favor the formation of MIBK. This is probably due to the increased affinity of the hydrophilic surface towards acetone and its decreased affinity towards MIBK, which precludes deep condensation of MIBK with acetone. Under optimal conditions, up to 90 % selectivity for MIBK can be obtained with conversions of acetone as high as 43 %. This result is among the best reported so far for mesoporous silica-based catalysts. The control/fine-tuning of morphology and surface properties provides an efficient strategy for improving the catalytic performance of solid catalysts.

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