A highly stable high-temperature CO2 sorbent consisting of scaffold-like Ca-rich oxides (CaAlO) with rapid absorption kinetics and a high capacity is described. The Ca-rich oxides were prepared by annealing CaAlNO3 layered double hydroxide (LDH) precursors through a sol–gel process with Al(OiP)3 and Ca(NO3)2 with Ca2+/Al3+ ratios of 1:1, 2:1, 4:1, and 7:1. XRD indicated that only LDH powders were formed for Ca2+/Al3+ ratios of 2:1. However, both LDH and Ca(OH)2 phases were produced at higher ratios. Both TEM and SEM observations indicated that the CaAlNO3 LDHs displayed a scaffold-like porous structure morphology rather than platelet-like particles. Upon annealing at 600 °C, a highly stable porous network structure of the CaO-based CaAlO mixed oxide (CAMO), composed of CaO and Ca12Al14O33, was still present. The CAMO exhibited high specific surface areas (up to 191 m2 g−1) and a pore size distribution of 3–6 nm, which allowed rapid diffusion of CO2 into the interior of the material, inducing fast carbonation/calcination and enhancing the sintering-resistant nature over multiple carbonation/calcination cycles for CO2 absorption at 700 °C. Thermogravimetric analysis results indicated that a CO2 capture capacity of approximately 49 wt % could be obtained with rapid absorption from the porous 7:1 CAMO sorbents by carbonation at 700 °C for 5 min. Also, 94–98 % of the initial CO2 capture capability was retained after 50 cycles of multiple carbonation/calcination tests. Therefore, the CAMO framework is a good isolator for preventing the aggregation of CaO particles, and it is suitable for long-term cyclic operation in high-temperature environments.
If you can't find a tool you're looking for, please click the link at the top of the page to "Go to old article view". Alternatively, view our Knowledge Base articles for additional help. Your feedback is important to us, so please let us know if you have comments or ideas for improvement.