Get access
Advertisement

Gold-Nanoparticle-Based Catalysts for the Oxidative Esterification of 1,4-Butanediol into Dimethyl Succinate

Authors

  • Dr. Gemma L. Brett,

    1. Cardiff Catalysis Institute, School of Chemistry, Cardiff University, Main Building, Park Place, Cardiff, CF10 3AT (UK)
    Search for more papers by this author
  • Dr. Peter J. Miedziak,

    1. Cardiff Catalysis Institute, School of Chemistry, Cardiff University, Main Building, Park Place, Cardiff, CF10 3AT (UK)
    Search for more papers by this author
  • Dr. Qian He,

    1. Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Lehigh University, 5 East Packer Avenue, Bethlehem, PA 18015-3195 (USA)
    Search for more papers by this author
  • Prof. David W. Knight,

    1. Cardiff Catalysis Institute, School of Chemistry, Cardiff University, Main Building, Park Place, Cardiff, CF10 3AT (UK)
    Search for more papers by this author
  • Dr. Jennifer K. Edwards,

    1. Cardiff Catalysis Institute, School of Chemistry, Cardiff University, Main Building, Park Place, Cardiff, CF10 3AT (UK)
    Search for more papers by this author
  • Dr. Stuart H. Taylor,

    1. Cardiff Catalysis Institute, School of Chemistry, Cardiff University, Main Building, Park Place, Cardiff, CF10 3AT (UK)
    Search for more papers by this author
  • Prof. Christopher J. Kiely,

    1. Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Lehigh University, 5 East Packer Avenue, Bethlehem, PA 18015-3195 (USA)
    Search for more papers by this author
  • Prof. Graham J. Hutchings

    Corresponding author
    1. Cardiff Catalysis Institute, School of Chemistry, Cardiff University, Main Building, Park Place, Cardiff, CF10 3AT (UK)
    • Cardiff Catalysis Institute, School of Chemistry, Cardiff University, Main Building, Park Place, Cardiff, CF10 3AT (UK)

    Search for more papers by this author

Abstract

The oxidation of 1,4-butanediol and butyrolactone have been investigated by using supported gold, palladium and gold–palladium nanoparticles. The products of such reactions are valuable chemical intermediates and, for example, can present a viable pathway for the sustainable production of polymers. If both gold and palladium were present, a significant synergistic effect on the selective formation of dimethyl succinate was observed. The support played a significant role in the reaction, with magnesium hydroxide leading to the highest yield of dimethyl succinate. Based on structural characterisation of the fresh and used catalysts, it was determined that small gold–palladium nanoalloys supported on a basic Mg(OH)2 support provided the best catalysts for this reaction.

Get access to the full text of this article

Ancillary