PEG-based ionic liquids are a new appealing group of solvents making the link between two distinct but very similar fluids: ionic liquids and poly(ethylene glycol)s. They find applications across a range of innumerable disciplines in science, technology, and engineering. In the last years, the possibility to use these as alternative solvents for organic synthesis and catalysis has been increasingly explored. This Review highlights strategies for their synthesis, their physical properties (critical point, glass transition temperature, density, rheological properties), and their application in reactions catalyzed by metals (such as Pd, Cu, W, or Rh) or as organic solvent (for example for multicomponent reactions, organocatalysis, CO2 transformation) with special emphasis on their toxicity, environmental impact, and biodegradability. These aspects, very often neglected, need to be considered in addition to the green criteria usually considered to establish ecofriendly processes.
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