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Keywords:

  • electrochemistry;
  • heterogeneous catalysis;
  • nanoparticles;
  • oxidation;
  • palladium

Abstract

The effect of lattice strain on the catalytic properties of Pd nanoparticles is systematically studied. Synthetic strategies for the preparation of a series of shape-controlled Pd nanocrystals with lattice strain generated from different sources has been developed. All of these nanocrystals were created with the same capping agent under similar reaction conditions. First, a series of Pd nanoparticles was synthesized that were enclosed in {111} surfaces: Single-crystalline Pd octahedra, single-crystalline AuPd core–shell octahedra, and twinned Pd icosahedra. Next, various {100}-terminated particles were synthesized: Single-crystalline Pd cubes and single-crystalline AuPd core–shell cubes. Different extents of lattice strain were evident by comparing the X-ray diffraction patterns of these particles. During electrocatalysis, decreased potentials for CO stripping and increased current densities for formic-acid oxidation were observed for the strained nanoparticles. In the gas-phase hydrogenation of ethylene, the activities of the strained nanoparticles were lower than those of the single-crystalline Pd nanoparticles, perhaps owing to a larger amount of cetyl trimethylammonium bromide on the surface.