Diesel and Alkane Fuels From Biomass by Organocatalysis and Metal–Acid Tandem Catalysis

Authors

  • Dajiang Liu,

    1. Department of Chemistry, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, CO 80523-1872 (USA), Fax: (+1) 970-491-1801
    2. Department of Mechanical Engineering, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, CO 80523-1301 (USA)
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  • Prof. Dr. Eugene Y.-X. Chen

    Corresponding author
    1. Department of Chemistry, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, CO 80523-1872 (USA), Fax: (+1) 970-491-1801
    • Department of Chemistry, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, CO 80523-1872 (USA), Fax: (+1) 970-491-1801

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Abstract

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Combo deal: Biomass furaldehydes are upgraded into oxygenated diesel and high-quality C10–12 linear alkane fuels. The first of two steps involves solvent-free self-condensation (Umpolung) through organocatalysis using an N-heterocyclic carbene (NHC), yielding C10–C12 furoin intermediates. In the metal–acid tandem catalysis step, in water, the furoin intermediates are converted into oxygenated biodiesel by hydrogenation, etherification or esterification; or into premium alkane jet fuels by hydrodeoxygenation.

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