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Methanol Fractionation of Softwood Kraft Lignin: Impact on the Lignin Properties

Authors

  • Dr. Tomonori Saito,

    Corresponding author
    1. Chemical Sciences Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge TN 37831-6210 (USA)
    • Tomonori Saito, Chemical Sciences Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge TN 37831-6210 (USA)

      Amit K. Naskar, Materials Science and Technology Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge TN 37831-6053 (USA)

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  • Joshua H. Perkins,

    1. Materials Science and Technology Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge TN 37831-6053 (USA)
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  • Dr. Frederic Vautard,

    1. Materials Science and Technology Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge TN 37831-6053 (USA)
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  • Dr. Harry M. Meyer,

    1. Materials Science and Technology Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge TN 37831-6053 (USA)
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  • Dr. Jamie M. Messman,

    1. Center for Nanophase Materials Sciences, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge TN 37831-6494 (USA)
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  • Dr. Balazs Tolnai,

    1. Industrial Products Division, Kruger Inc. 3285 Bedford Road, Montréal, Québec H3S 1G5 (Canada)
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  • Dr. Amit K. Naskar

    Corresponding author
    1. Materials Science and Technology Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge TN 37831-6053 (USA)
    • Tomonori Saito, Chemical Sciences Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge TN 37831-6210 (USA)

      Amit K. Naskar, Materials Science and Technology Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge TN 37831-6053 (USA)

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Abstract

The development of technologies to tune lignin properties for high-performance lignin-based materials is crucial for the utilization of lignin in various applications. Here, the effect of methanol (MeOH) fractionation on the molecular weight, molecular weight distribution, glass transition temperature (Tg), thermal decomposition, and chemical structure of lignin were investigated. Repeated MeOH fractionation of softwood Kraft lignin successfully removed the low-molecular-weight fraction. The separated high-molecular-weight lignin showed a Tg of 211 °C and a char yield of 47 %, much higher than those of as-received lignin (Tg 153 °C, char yield 41 %). The MeOH-soluble fraction of lignin showed an increased low-molecular-weight fraction and a lower Tg (117 °C) and char yield (32 %). The amount of low-molecular-weight fraction showed a quantitative correlation with both 1/Tg and char yield in a linear regression. This study demonstrated the efficient purification or fractionation technology for lignin; it also established a theoretical and empirical correlation between the physical characteristics of fractionated lignins.

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