Corrigendum: Heterogeneous Catalytic Hydrogenation of Biobased Levulinic and Succinic Acids in Aqueous Solutions

Authors

  • Louis Corbel-Demailly,

  • Bao-Khanh Ly,

  • Dr. Doan-Pham Minh,

  • Benoit Tapin,

  • Dr. Catherine Especel,

  • Dr. Florence Epron,

  • Dr. Amandine Cabiac,

  • Dr. Emmanuelle Guillon,

  • Dr. Michèle Besson,

  • Dr. Catherine Pinel

Errata

This article corrects:

  1. Heterogeneous Catalytic Hydrogenation of Biobased Levulinic and Succinic Acids in Aqueous Solutions Volume 6, Issue 12, 2388–2395, Article first published online: 23 August 2013

In this Full Paper, the time in the x-axis titles in Figures 3–7, and 9 was by mistake represented in minutes rather than hours. The Figures with their correct x-axis titles and units are shown here.3, 4, 5, 5a, 6, 7, 9

Figure 3.

Hydrogenation of LevA in the presence of monometallic catalysts [2.1 % Ru/C (•); 4.1 % Pt/C (▴); 2.7 % Pd/C (▪)]. Evolution of main products as a function of time: full line LevA, dotted line GVL. Reaction conditions: LevA=430 mmol L−1 (150 mL), Molar ratio LevA/Ru=2070, LevA/Pt=2050, LevA/Pd=1710, 160 °C, 150 bar.

Figure 4.

Hydrogenation of LevA and formation of GVL in the presence of bimetallic catalysts [RuRe (•); PtRe (▴); PdRe (▪)]. Evolution of main products as a function of time: full line LevA, dotted line GVL. Reaction conditions similar to Figure 3.

Figure 5.

Hydrogenation of LevA: Evolution of the concentration of a, c, e) the main products and b, d, f) the by-products as a function of time (160 °C, 150 bar) in the presence of 2.8 % Ru–3.9 % Re/C (a, b), 3.3 % Pt–4.1 % Re/C (c, d), and 2.7 % Pd-3.9 % Re/C e), f). g) TOC concentration (expressed as C5 equivalent molar concentration) as a function of the conversion of (LevA+GVL) [RuRe (•); PtRe (▴); PdRe (▪)]. For clarity, LevA concentration was not reported.

Figure 5a.

(Continued)

Figure 6.

Evolution of the concentration of the main products as a function of time (160 °C, 150 bar, [LevA]0=[SucA]0=1400 mmol L−1) in the presence of RuRe/C for a) SucA hydrogenation and b) LevA hydrogenation.

Figure 7.

Evolution of the concentration of the main products as a function of time (160 °C, 150 bar, [LevA]0=[SucA]0=430 mmol L−1) in the presence of PdRe/C for a) SucA hydrogenation, b) LevA hydrogenation and for the by-products of c) SucA hydrogenation and d) LevA hydrogenation.

Figure 9.

Influence of the x Re % in the 1.9 % Ru–x % Re/C catalysts [x=1.8 (—), 3.6 (– – –), and 4.6(- - - -)] on the conversion of a) LevA (♦) and b) GVL (▪) to PDO (•). Reaction conditions: [LevA]=430 mmol L−1, 140 °C, 150 bar. In parentheses: Re wt %.

The editorial office apologizes for the oversight.

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