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Towards a Sustainable Manufacture of Hierarchical Zeolites

Authors

  • Dr. Danny Verboekend,

    Corresponding author
    1. ETH Zurich, Institute for Chemical and Bioengineering, Department of Chemistry and Applied Biosciences, Vladimir-Prelog-Weg 1, 8093 Zurich (Switzerland), Fax: (+41) 44-6331405
    • ETH Zurich, Institute for Chemical and Bioengineering, Department of Chemistry and Applied Biosciences, Vladimir-Prelog-Weg 1, 8093 Zurich (Switzerland), Fax: (+41) 44-6331405

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  • Prof. Javier Pérez-Ramírez

    Corresponding author
    1. ETH Zurich, Institute for Chemical and Bioengineering, Department of Chemistry and Applied Biosciences, Vladimir-Prelog-Weg 1, 8093 Zurich (Switzerland), Fax: (+41) 44-6331405
    • ETH Zurich, Institute for Chemical and Bioengineering, Department of Chemistry and Applied Biosciences, Vladimir-Prelog-Weg 1, 8093 Zurich (Switzerland), Fax: (+41) 44-6331405

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Abstract

Hierarchical zeolites have been established as a superior type of aluminosilicate catalysts compared to their conventional (purely microporous) counterparts. An impressive array of bottom-up and top-down approaches has been developed during the last decade to design and subsequently exploit these exciting materials catalytically. However, the sustainability of the developed synthetic methods has rarely been addressed. This paper highlights important criteria to ensure the ecological and economic viability of the manufacture of hierarchical zeolites. Moreover, by using base leaching as a promising case study, we verify a variety of approaches to increase reactor productivity, recycle waste streams, prevent the combustion of organic compounds, and minimize separation efforts. By reducing their synthetic footprint, hierarchical zeolites are positioned as an integral part of sustainable chemistry.

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