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Molybdenum Carbide as a Highly Selective Deoxygenation Catalyst for Converting Furfural to 2-Methylfuran

Authors

  • Ke Xiong,

    1. Catalysis Center for Energy Innovation (CCEI), Department of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering, University of Delaware, Newark, DE, 19716 (USA)
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  • Dr. Wen-Sheng Lee,

    1. Department of Chemical Engineering and Materials Science, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN, 55455 (USA)
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  • Prof. Aditya Bhan,

    Corresponding author
    1. Department of Chemical Engineering and Materials Science, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN, 55455 (USA)
    • Aditya Bhan, Department of Chemical Engineering and Materials Science, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN, 55455 (USA)===

      Jingguang G. Chen, Department of Chemical Engineering, Columbia University, New York, NY, 10027 (USA)===

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  • Prof. Jingguang G. Chen

    Corresponding author
    1. Department of Chemical Engineering, Columbia University, New York, NY, 10027 (USA)
    • Aditya Bhan, Department of Chemical Engineering and Materials Science, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN, 55455 (USA)===

      Jingguang G. Chen, Department of Chemical Engineering, Columbia University, New York, NY, 10027 (USA)===

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Abstract

Selectively cleaving the C[DOUBLE BOND]O bond outside the furan ring of furfural is crucial for converting this important biomass-derived molecule to value-added fuels such as 2-methylfuran. In this work, a combination of density functional theory (DFT) calculations, surface science studies, and reactor evaluation identified molybdenum carbide (Mo2C) as a highly selective deoxygenation catalyst for converting furfural to 2-methylfuran. These results indicate the potential application of Mo2C as an efficient catalyst for the selective deoxygenation of biomass-derived oxygenates including furanics and aromatics.

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