© WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim
Volume 1, Issue 6
Orest Skoplyak, Mark A. Barteau and Jingguang G. Chen
Version of Record online: 11 JUN 2008 | DOI: 10.1002/cssc.200890016
The cover picture shows the production of hydrogen and carbon monoxide through reforming of oxygenates such as glycerol, ethylene glycol, and ethanol over a Ni monolayer on Pt(111) surface, designated Ni-Pt-Pt(111). This bimetallic surface exhibits stronger interactions with adsorbates as compared to unmodified Pt(111), increasing the activity for CH and OH scission reactions of interest in oxygenate reforming. In their Communication on page 524 ff., M. A. Barteau et al. report that the reforming activity of glycerol on the Ni-Pt-Pt(111) surfaces is increased as compared to that on Pt(111), Ni(111), and Pt-Ni-Pt(111) surfaces. The trend of glycerol reforming activity is similar to previous results for ethylene glycol and ethanol, with increasing activity as the surface d band center shifts closer to the Fermi level. The results demonstrate that the smaller oxygenates can be used as good models for reforming of larger, biomass-derived oxygenates.
Version of Record online: 11 JUN 2008 | DOI: 10.1002/cssc.200890017
Version of Record online: 11 JUN 2008 | DOI: 10.1002/cssc.200890018
Anne Loppinet-Serani, Cyril Aymonier and François Cansell
Version of Record online: 28 MAY 2008 | DOI: 10.1002/cssc.200700167
Critical times, supercritical measures: The supercritical water oxidation (SCWO) process has been studied intensively during the past 15 years and proved efficient in decomposing organic matter. Armed with this know-how, researchers can now develop supercritical water biomass valorization for the production of gases and valuable chemicals (supercritical water biomass gasification (SCBG) or liquefaction (SCBL), respectively).
Sylvain Gaillard and Jean-Luc Renaud
Version of Record online: 15 MAY 2008 | DOI: 10.1002/cssc.200800071
The dawn of a new iron age? Iron is one of the least expensive and non-toxic metals, however, its chemistry has remained less studied than that of precious metals. Recent advances in reduction chemistry using iron complexes as catalysts are reviewed and the great potential of this cheap but chic metal is illustrated in this Highlight.
M. Olga Guerrero-Pérez and Miguel A. Bañares
Version of Record online: 24 APR 2008 | DOI: 10.1002/cssc.200800023
A high-value conversion: Acrylonitrile, a monomer in the manufacture of synthetic polymers, is typically produced from propylene. However, a new sustainable process has been developed in which glycerol, a renewable resource (by-product in the manufacture of biodiesel), is treated with ammonia under moderate reaction conditions to give this value-added product.
Lyubov Lukyanova, Roberto Castangia, Sophie Franceschi-Messant, Emile Perez and Isabelle Rico-Lattes
Version of Record online: 15 MAY 2008 | DOI: 10.1002/cssc.200800036
Sweet or savory? Controlled porosity has been introduced in a gelled soybean oil by employing a particulate leaching method with sugar and salt templates. The materials resulting from unmodified natural soybean oil show high porosity and important water-draining properties. These new biodegradable soft materials may be suitable for high-technology applications such as tissue engineering or pollutant scavenging.
N. Raveendran Shiju, Vadim V. Guliants, Steven H. Overbury and Adam J. Rondinone
Version of Record online: 15 MAY 2008 | DOI: 10.1002/cssc.200800039
A friendly phase: Bulk mixed-metal Mo-V-Te-Nb oxides are highly promising catalysts for the environmentally friendly selective ammoxidation of propane to acrylonitrile and oxidation of propane to acrylic acid. In this context, the crystal structures and catalytic behavior of Mo-V-Te-Nb-O, Mo-V-Te-O, and Mo-V-O M1 phase catalysts have been studied.
Version of Record online: 15 MAY 2008 | DOI: 10.1002/cssc.200800053
Scratching the surface: The reactions of oxygenates such as glycerol are important for the production of H2. Temperature-programmed desorption experiments have revealed an increased production of H2 on the Ni surface monolayer on Pt(111) (Ni-Pt-Pt(111)). Glycerol reforming activity trends are similar to previous results for ethylene glycol and ethanol, demonstrating that smaller oxygenates can be used as good models for reforming of larger, biomass-derived oxygenates.
Kai Wang, Xiujin Li, Shengfu Ji, Bingyao Huang and Chengyue Li
Version of Record online: 9 MAY 2008 | DOI: 10.1002/cssc.200700078
Nickelback: A series of Ni-based (Ni/SBA-15/Al2O3/FeCrAl) metal monolithic catalysts with different Ni loadings (3–16 %) were prepared, and their catalytic activity was evaluated in methane reforming with CO2 to produce syngas. The catalyst with a Ni loading of 8.0 % displays excellent catalytic activity and stability over 1400 h at 800 °C.
Suman Jain and Oliver Reiser
Version of Record online: 24 APR 2008 | DOI: 10.1002/cssc.200800025
One resin, two strategies: Polystyrene-supported CoII Schiff base complexes can be efficiently prepared using either Staudinger ligation or copper-catalyzed azide–alkyne cycloaddition (CuAAC) as the key step. The complexes catalyze the aerobic oxidation of alcohols to aldehydes or ketones in high yields and with high selectivity in multiple cycles without loss of activity.
Anastasiya Rybak and Michael A. R. Meier
Version of Record online: 21 MAY 2008 | DOI: 10.1002/cssc.200800047
As easy as ABA: A variety of polyesters, including ABA triblock copolymers, were prepared through a one-step acyclic diene metathesis (ADMET) polymerization with undecyl undecenoate, a monomer from renewable resources. The molecular weights of the polymers could be controlled through the choice of metathesis catalyst as well as the amount of chain stopper used.
Vincenzo Calemma, Angela Carati, Cristina Flego, Roberto Giardino, Federica Gagliardi, Roberto Millini and Giuseppe Bellussi
Version of Record online: 2 JUN 2008 | DOI: 10.1002/cssc.200800005
Going platinum: Extremely selective catalysts are necessary to improve the cetane number of products obtained from hydroconverting highly aromatic streams for use in fuel blending. In this context, the activity of different Pt-loaded zeolites (Mordenite, ZSM-12, ZSM-5, ZSM-23) was investigated for the hydroconversion of methylcyclohexane.
Songmiao Liang, Junjie Wu, Huafeng Tian, Lina Zhang and Jian Xu
Version of Record online: 21 MAY 2008 | DOI: 10.1002/cssc.200800003
It gels well: Cellulose gel membranes swollen with low-molecular-weight polyethylene glycol (PEG; MW<1000 g mol−1) were prepared and studied. A strong hydrogen-bonding interaction occurs between PEG and cellulose leading to a homogeneous structure, high mechanical strength and good transparency of the resulting gel membranes.
Axel Jacobi von Wangelin
Version of Record online: 11 JUN 2008 | DOI: 10.1002/cssc.200800095
Version of Record online: 11 JUN 2008 | DOI: 10.1002/cssc.200890019