ChemSusChem

Cover image for Vol. 3 Issue 9

September 24, 2010

Volume 3, Issue 9

Pages 993–1087

  1. Cover Picture

    1. Top of page
    2. Cover Picture
    3. Graphical Abstract
    4. News
    5. Minireview
    6. Highlights
    7. Communications
    8. Articles
    9. Book Review
    10. Preview
    1. Cover Picture: Environmentally Benign Recovery and Reactivation of Palladium from Industrial Waste by Using Gram-Negative Bacteria (ChemSusChem 9/2010) (page 993)

      Dr. Delphine Gauthier, Lina S. Søbjerg, Kaj M. Jensen, Dr. Anders T. Lindhardt, Dr. Michael Bunge, Prof. Kai Finster, Dr. Rikke L. Meyer and Prof. Troels Skrydstrup

      Version of Record online: 17 SEP 2010 | DOI: 10.1002/cssc.201090037

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      The cover picture of this month is provided by the group of Troels Skrydstrup et al., and highlights the work described in their Communication on page 1036. The work emphasizes the efficient fixing, recycling, and reactivation of palladium(0) from industrial effluents by using bacteria. For the first time, palladium could be removed from waste by biosorption on pure bacteria followed by reduction with H2. Initial chemical catalysis studies illustrate the potential conversion of industrial wastes into a useful catalyst. The study is at the interface of chemistry and sustainability, using environment-friendly technology, and demonstrates that industrial waste can be a new source of palladium.

  2. Graphical Abstract

    1. Top of page
    2. Cover Picture
    3. Graphical Abstract
    4. News
    5. Minireview
    6. Highlights
    7. Communications
    8. Articles
    9. Book Review
    10. Preview
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  3. News

    1. Top of page
    2. Cover Picture
    3. Graphical Abstract
    4. News
    5. Minireview
    6. Highlights
    7. Communications
    8. Articles
    9. Book Review
    10. Preview
  4. Minireview

    1. Top of page
    2. Cover Picture
    3. Graphical Abstract
    4. News
    5. Minireview
    6. Highlights
    7. Communications
    8. Articles
    9. Book Review
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    1. The Development of a New Type of Rechargeable Batteries Based on Hybrid Electrolytes (pages 1009–1019)

      Prof. Haoshen Zhou, Dr. Yonggang Wang, Dr. Huiqiao Li and Dr. Ping He

      Version of Record online: 30 JUL 2010 | DOI: 10.1002/cssc.201000123

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      Post-lithium-ion batteries: Recent investigations on several new types of rechargeable batteries, based on Li–air, Li–Cu, Li–Ag, Li–NiOOH, Li–AgO, and Li–Ni chemistry, are reviewed. The batteries are based on the new concept of hybrid electrolytes, which allows for a versatile range of applications.

  5. Highlights

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    4. News
    5. Minireview
    6. Highlights
    7. Communications
    8. Articles
    9. Book Review
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    1. Highly Efficient Hybrid Inorganic–Organic Light-Emitting Diodes by using Air-Stable Metal Oxides and a Thick Emitting Layer (pages 1021–1023)

      Prof. Tae-Woo Lee, Joohyun Hwang and Sung-Yong Min

      Version of Record online: 6 JUL 2010 | DOI: 10.1002/cssc.201000110

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      Hybrid inverted polymer light-emitting diodes with very high efficiencies have been realized by using a thick emitting layer. The findings described in this Higlight indicate that broadening of the exciton density profiles and redistribution of the electric field near the charge injection contacts in the devices is crucial for high efficiency.

    2. Ammonia: An Environmentally Friendly Nitrogen Source for Primary Aniline Synthesis (pages 1024–1029)

      Dr. Stephan Enthaler

      Version of Record online: 22 JUN 2010 | DOI: 10.1002/cssc.201000145

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      Got ammo? In the search for sustainable and environmentally benign primary aniline synthesis, the application of ammonia instead of currently applied ammonia surrogates is one major challenge in catalysis. Recent efforts in palladium- and copper-catalyzed transformations of ammonia to anilines are discussed in this Highlight.

  6. Communications

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    5. Minireview
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    7. Communications
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    1. Fabrication of Fast-Absorbing and Quick-Drying Wool Fabrics with Good Washing Durability (pages 1031–1035)

      Dong Chen, Longfei Tan, Huiyu Liu, Prof. Fangqiong Tang, Dr. Junyan Hu and Prof. Yi Li

      Version of Record online: 23 JUL 2010 | DOI: 10.1002/cssc.201000176

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      The quick and the dry: Fast-absorbing and quick-drying wool fabrics with good washing durability are fabricated by functionalizing reactive siloxane monolayer on wool fiber surface, followed by grafting an ultrathin silica nanoparticles layer using an in situ growth method. The new properties are maintained even after washing 20 times because of the strong immobilization between the wool fiber and the ultrathin silica nanoparticles through siloxane bonding.

    2. Environmentally Benign Recovery and Reactivation of Palladium from Industrial Waste by Using Gram-Negative Bacteria (pages 1036–1039)

      Dr. Delphine Gauthier, Lina S. Søbjerg, Kaj M. Jensen, Dr. Anders T. Lindhardt, Dr. Michael Bunge, Prof. Kai Finster, Dr. Rikke L. Meyer and Prof. Troels Skrydstrup

      Version of Record online: 22 JUL 2010 | DOI: 10.1002/cssc.201000091

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      From waste!! Gram-negative bacteria from the genus Cupriavidus can serve as a scaffold for the absorption and reduction of palladium(II) contained in industrial waste solutions. The resulting cell-supported palladium(0) nanoparticles were active for catalysis of C[BOND]C bond formation. This method offers an economically competitive source of palladium(0) via recovery from metal-containing waste.

    3. A Recyclable TEMPO Catalyst for the Aerobic Oxidation of Sulfides to Sulfoxides (pages 1040–1042)

      Tamilselvi Chinnusamy and Prof. Oliver Reiser

      Version of Record online: 15 JUL 2010 | DOI: 10.1002/cssc.201000105

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      The aerobic oxidation of sulfides is accomplished by using a modified version of the TEMPO catalyst (A). The catalyst is active towards a wide range of substrates. In addition, it can be readily recovered by simple filtration and reused without loss of activity.

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      The Influence of the Acidity of Ionic Liquids on Catalysis (pages 1043–1047)

      Xinjiang Cui, Shiguo Zhang, Dr. Feng Shi, Dr. Qinghua Zhang, Xiangyuan Ma, Liujin Lu and Prof. Youquan Deng

      Version of Record online: 16 AUG 2010 | DOI: 10.1002/cssc.201000075

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      Reactions performed in ionic liquids with BF4 as anion progress under strongly acidic conditions. The acidity of some air- and moisture-stable ionic liquids is explored and its effect on catalytic reactions is studied. The function of these ionic liquids in some traditional acid-catalyzed reactions is also tested, and the results merit a reconsideration of their influence on catalytic reactions and use in other applications.

    5. Ruthenium-Catalyzed Hydrogenation of Bicarbonate in Water (pages 1048–1050)

      Christopher Federsel, Dr. Ralf Jackstell, Albert Boddien, Dr. Gabor Laurenczy and Prof. Matthias Beller

      Version of Record online: 15 JUL 2010 | DOI: 10.1002/cssc.201000151

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      The hydrogenation of bicarbonate in water is achieved by using a ruthenium-based catalytic system. In the presence of dppm as ligand improved yields and catalyst TONs compared to previously known catalyst systems are achieved.

  7. Articles

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    3. Graphical Abstract
    4. News
    5. Minireview
    6. Highlights
    7. Communications
    8. Articles
    9. Book Review
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    1. Thin-Film Composite Materials as a Dielectric Layer for Flexible Metal–Insulator–Metal Capacitors (pages 1051–1056)

      Dr. Jitendra N. Tiwari, Jagan Singh Meena, Chung-Shu Wu, Rajanish N. Tiwari, Min-Ching Chu, Prof. Feng-Chih Chang and Prof. Fu-Hsiang Ko

      Version of Record online: 7 JUL 2010 | DOI: 10.1002/cssc.201000118

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      New copolymers on the block: A new organic–organic (1-bromoadamantane-P123) nanoscale composite thin-film dielectric is successfully deposited by a sol-gel spin-coating process on a flexible polyimide substrate, which shows stable electrical properties, probably due to the optimized dipole moments of the van der Waals interactions.

    2. Metal-Free Porphyrin-Sensitized Mesoporous Titania Films For Visible-Light Indoor Air Oxidation (pages 1057–1062)

      Dr. Adel A. Ismail and Prof. Detlef W. Bahnemann

      Version of Record online: 30 AUG 2010 | DOI: 10.1002/cssc.201000158

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      The development of transparent cubic mesoporous TiO2 films coated on common soda-lime glass is described. The adsorption of 3D meso-tetrakis(4-sulfonatophenyl) porphyrin (TPPS) onto these TiO2 films improves the light-harvesting efficiency of these photocatalysts. Employing this 3D TPPS/TiO2 photocatalyst, a quantum efficiency of 0.059 % is obtained for the photodegradation of CH3CHO in the gas phase under visible-light illumination.

    3. Homogeneous Oxidation Reactions of Propanediols at Low Temperatures (pages 1063–1070)

      Dr. Eva Díaz, Dr. María Eugenia Sad and Prof. Enrique Iglesia

      Version of Record online: 9 SEP 2010 | DOI: 10.1002/cssc.201000142

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      Mixtures of 1,3-propanediol and oxygen selectively form acrolein at 400–500 K via homogeneous pathways, while 1,2-propanediol forms more diverse products. Rates and selecitivities are consistent with radical pathways that involve β-elimination and H-abstraction steps. A catalytic oxidation reactor yields 90 % acrylic acid from the acrolein/H2O/O2 effluent of the homogeneous reactor.

    4. Fast Transformation of Glucose and Di-/Polysaccharides into 5-Hydroxymethylfurfural by Microwave Heating in an Ionic Liquid/Catalyst System (pages 1071–1077)

      Dr. Xinhua Qi, Dr. Masaru Watanabe, Dr. Taku M. Aida and Prof. Richard L. Smith Jr

      Version of Record online: 26 JUL 2010 | DOI: 10.1002/cssc.201000124

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      When in chrome…: An effective process for the fast transformation (within minutes) of glucose, fructose, sucrose, cellobiose and cellulose into 5-hydroxymethylfurfural is developed. The process makes use of a recyclable system comprising an ionic liquid and CrCl3 as catalyst.

    5. Cleaving the β[BOND]O[BOND]4 Bonds of Lignin Model Compounds in an Acidic Ionic Liquid, 1-H-3-Methylimidazolium Chloride: An Optional Strategy for the Degradation of Lignin (pages 1078–1084)

      Songyan Jia, Blair J. Cox, Prof. Xinwen Guo, Dr.  Z. Conrad Zhang and Dr. John G. Ekerdt

      Version of Record online: 30 JUL 2010 | DOI: 10.1002/cssc.201000112

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      The β[BOND]O[BOND]4 bonds in both phenolic and non-phenolic lignin model compounds can be hydrolytically cleaved in an acidic ionic liquid, 1-H-3-methylimidazolium chloride, which is an alternative strategy to break down the structure of lignin.

  8. Book Review

    1. Top of page
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    7. Communications
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    1. Aqueous Microwave-Assisted Chemistry. Edited by Vivek Polshettiwar and Rajender S. Varma (page 1085)

      C. Oliver Kappe

      Version of Record online: 13 SEP 2010 | DOI: 10.1002/cssc.201000264

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      RSC Publishing, Cambridge 2010. XIII+228 pp., hardcover US$ 169.00—ISBN: 978-1-84973-038-9

  9. Preview

    1. Top of page
    2. Cover Picture
    3. Graphical Abstract
    4. News
    5. Minireview
    6. Highlights
    7. Communications
    8. Articles
    9. Book Review
    10. Preview
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      Preview: ChemSusChem 10/2010 (page 1087)

      Version of Record online: 17 SEP 2010 | DOI: 10.1002/cssc.201090036

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