Gasoline from Biomass through Refinery-Friendly Carbohydrate-Based Bio-Oil Produced by Ketalization (pages 1627–1636)
Dr. Nuno Batalha, Alessandra V. da Silva, Matheus O. de Souza, Bruna M. C. da Costa, Elisa S. Gomes, Thiago C. Silva, Dr. Thalita G. Barros, Dr. Maria L. A. Gonçalves, Prof. Elina B. Caramão, Luciana R. M. dos Santos, Marlon B. B. Almeida, Prof. Rodrigo O. M. A. de Souza, Dr. Yiu L. Lam, Prof. Nakédia M. F. Carvalho, Prof. Leandro S. M. Miranda and Prof. Marcelo M. Pereira
Article first published online: 17 APR 2014 | DOI: 10.1002/cssc.201301242
Refinery refinement: The conversion of biomass into fuel by using a regular refinery installation can largely mitigate CO2 emissions. This goal is achieved by a two-step process: biomass is transformed into a carbohydrate-based bio-oil produced by hydrolysis–ketalization reactions, then a gasoline with a high octane number is produced by catalytic upgrading.