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LITERATURE CITED

  • 1
    Rosse WF. Paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria as a molecular disease. Medicine 1997; 76: 6393.
  • 2
    Johnson RJ, Rawstron AC, Richards S, Morgan GJ, Norfolk DR, O'Connor S, Hillmen P. Circulating primitive stem cells in paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria (PNH) are predominantly normal in phenotype but granulocyte colony-stimulating factor treatment mobilizes mainly PNH stem cells. Blood 1998; 91: 45044508.
  • 3
    Orfao A, López-Berges MC, Tabernero MD, Macedo A, Ciudad J, Carvalho H, Vidriales B, Lopez A, Trindade H, San Miguel JF. Patología de la membrana en la hemoglobinuria paroxística nocturna: importancia de la citometría de flujo en su diagnóstico. Sangre 1996; 41 (suppl 3): 8994.
  • 4
    Hall SE, Rosse WF. The use of monoclonal antibodies and flow cytometry in the diagnosis of paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria. Blood 1996; 87: 53325340.
  • 5
    Kwong YL, Lee CP, Chan TK, Chan LC. Flow cytometric measurement of glycosylphosphatidyl-inositol-linked surface proteins on blood cells of patients with paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria. Am J Clin Pathol 1994; 102: 3035.
  • 6
    Piedras J, Lopez-Karpovitch X. Flow cytometric analysis of glycophosphatidyl-inositol-anchored proteins to assess paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria clone size. Cytometry 2000; 42: 234238.
  • 7
    Villamor N, Marin P, Aymerich M, Arriols R, Rovira M, Bosch F, Vilella R, Rozman C, Vives-Corrons JL. Diagnostico de la hemoglobinuria paroxistica nocturna mediante el analisis citofluorometrico de moleculas unidas a la membrana por grupos glucosilfosfatidilinositol. Med Clin 1994; 102: 481484.
  • 8
    Richards SJ, Norfolk DR, Swirsky DM, Hillmen P. Lymphocyte subset analysis and glycosylphosphatidylinositol phenotype in patients with paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria. Blood 1998; 92: 17991806.
  • 9
    Jin J, Tooze JA, Marsh JCW, Gordon-Smith E. Glycosylphosphatidyl-inositol (GPI)-linked protein deficiency on the platelets of patients with aplastic anaemia and paroxysmal nocturnal haemoglobinuria: two distinct patterns correlating with expression on neutrophils. Br J Haematol 1997; 96: 493496.
  • 10
    Prince GM, Nguyen M, Lazarus HM, Brodsky RA, Terstappen LWMM, Medof ME. Peripheral blood harvest of unaffected CD34+ CD38- hematopoietic precursors in paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria. Blood 1995; 86: 33813386.
  • 11
    Nishimura J, Inoue N, Wada H, Ueda E, Pramoonjago P, Hirota T, Machii T, Kageyama T, Kanamaru A, Takeda J, Kinoshita T, Kitani T. A patient with paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria bearing four independent PIG-A mutant clones. Blood 1997; 89: 34703476.
  • 12
    Endo M, Ware RE, Vreeke TM, Howard TA, Parker CJ. Identification and characterization of an inherited mutation of PIG-A in a patient with paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria. Br J Haematol 1996; 93: 590593.
  • 13
    Richards SJ, Rawstron AC, Hillmen P. Application of flow cytometry to the diagnosis of paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria. Cytometry 2000; 42: 223233.
  • 14
    Van der Schoot CE, Huizinga TWJ, van't Veer-Korthof ET, Wijmans R, Pinkster J, Von dem Borne AEG Kr. Deficiency of glycosyl-phosphatidylinositol-linked membrane glycoproteins of leukocytes in paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria: description of a new diagnostic cytofluorometric assay. Blood 1990; 76: 18531859.
  • 15
    Maciejewski JP, Sloand EM, Sato T, Anderson S, Young NS. Impaired hematopoiesis in paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria/aplastic anemia is not associated with a selective proliferative defect in the glycosylphosphatidylinositol-anchored protein-deficient clone. Blood 1997; 89: 11731181.
  • 16
    Dunn DE, Tanawattanacharoen P, Boccuni P, Nagakura S, Green SW, Kirby MR, Kumar MSA, Rosenfeld MD Young NS. Paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria cells in patients with bone marrow failure syndromes. Ann Intern Med 1999; 131: 401408.
  • 17
    Richards SJ, Morgan GJ, Hillmen P. Immunophenotypic analysis of B cells in PNH: insights into the generation of circulating naive and memory B cells. Blood 2000; 96: 35223528.
  • 18
    Richards SJ, Morgan GJ, Hillmen P. Analysis of T cells in paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria provides direct evidence that thymic T-cell production declines with age. Blood 1999; 94: 27902799.
  • 19
    Schrezenmeier H, Hertenstein B, Wagner B, Raghavachar A, Heimpel H. A pathogenetic link between aplastic anemia and paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria is suggested by a high frequency of aplastic anemia patients with a deficiency of phosphatidylinositol glycan anchored proteins. Exp Hematol 1995; 23: 8187.
  • 20
    Iwanaga M, Furukawa K, Amenomori T, Mori H, Nakamura H, Fuchigami K, Kamihira S, Nakakuma H, Tomonaga M. Paroxysmal nocturnal haemoglobinuria clones in patients with myelodysplastic syndromes. Br J Haematol 1998; 102: 465474.
  • 21
    Tooze JA, Saso R, Marsh JCW, Papadopoulos A, Pulford K, Gordon-Smith EC. The novel monoclonal antibody By114 helps detect the early emergence of a paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria clone in aplastic anemia. Exp Hematol 1995; 23: 14841491.
  • 22
    Yamaguchi M, Nakao S, Takamatsu H, Chuhjo T, Shiobara S, Matsuda T. Quality of hematologic recovery in patients with aplastic following cyclosporine therapy. Exp Hematol 1995; 23: 341346.
  • 23
    Herstenstein B, Wagner B, Bunjes D, Duncker C, Raghavachar A, Arnold R, Heimpel H, Schrezenmeier H. Emergence of CD52-, phosphatidylinositolglycan-anchor-deficient T lymphocytes after in vivo application of campath-1H for refractory B-cell non-Hodgkin lymphoma. Blood 1995; 86: 14871492.
  • 24
    Alfinito F, Del Vecchio L, Rocco S, Boccuni P, Musto P, Rotoli B. Blood cell flow cytometry in paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria: a tool for measuring the extent of the PNH clone. Leukemia 1996; 10: 13261330.
  • 25
    Yamada N, Miyata T, Maeda K, Kitani T, Takeda J, Kinoshita T. Somatic mutations of the PIG-A gene found in Japanese patients with paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria. Blood 1995; 85: 885892.
  • 26
    Fores R, Bautista G, Steegmann JL, Peñalver FJ, Cabrera R, Fernandez MN. De novo smoldering paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria: a flow cytometric diagnosis. Haematologica 1997; 82: 695697.
  • 27
    Rotoli B, Bessler M, Alfinito F, del Vecchio L. Membrane proteins in paroxysmal nocturnal haemoglobinuria. Blood Rev 1993; 7: 7586.
  • 28
    Terstappen LWMM, Nguyen M, Huang S, Lazarus H, Medof ME. Defective and normal haematopoietic stem cells in paroxysmal nocturnal haemoglobinuria. Br J Haematol 1993; 84: 504514.
  • 29
    Spiekermann K, Resler J, Elsner J, Lohmann-Matthes ML, Welte K, Malech H, Gallin JI, Emmendoerffer A. Identification of the antigen recognized by the monoclonal antibody 31D8. Exp Hematol 1996; 24: 453458.