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Keywords:

  • Macroplasmodia;
  • myxomycete;
  • heploid stain;
  • starvation;
  • cell growth

Abstract

In growing plasmodia of the myxomycete Physarum polycephalum (G2-phase), three distinct classes of nuclei with a relative DNA content of 1x, 2x, and 4x are observed in the presumed haploid strain CL. The 2x and 4x species comprise up to 35% and 5% of the nuclei. Quantitative cytofluorometric studies of nuclei isolated in either G2- or S-phase or after FUDR treatment (G1 arrest) show that the three nuclear populations undergo a synchronous mitotic cycle and that the relative DNA content of the nuclear fractions in G-2 phase reflects the 2c, 4c, and 8c state.

The heterogeneity of the nuclear population does, however, seem to be restricted to the growth phase. During a starvation period of 4 days that always preceeds sporulation (and also meiosis), the 4c nuclear population is reduced to 7%, 8c nuclei are no longer detected. These results suggest that a mechanism exists in Physarum for the selective detection and elimination of polyploid nuclei.