• Ki-67 antibody;
  • anti-bromodeoxyuridine antibody;
  • DNA synthesis;
  • cell cycle;
  • cell proliferation;
  • lymphocyte activation;
  • HL-60 cells


Washless methods for double staining of nuclear antigen and DNA in unfixed nuclei were compared with established methods for staining of fixed cells. The methods were tested on phytohemagglutinin (PHA)-stimulated normal human blood lymphocytes for the double staining of (1) Ki-67 antigen and DNA and (2) bromodeoxyuridine (BrdUrd) and DNA, in continuously BrdUrd-labeled cells. With respect to the discrimination between antigen-positive and -negative subpopulations, there was no statistically significant differences between the results from direct (Ki-67) or indirect, (Ki-67 or BrdUrd) washless staining of unfixed nuclei and the results from staining of fixed cells. Washless staining of unfixed nuclei was found to be rapid and simple and resulted in greater precision of the DNA analysis and in less aggregation and loss of cells.