Literature Cited

  • 1
    Abraham W, Kim C, Januszkiewicz A, Welker M, Mingle M, Schreck R: Effects of a brief low-level exposure to the particulate fraction of diesel exhaust on pulmonary function of conscious sheep. Arch Environ Health 35: 7780, 1980.
  • 2
    Absolom DR: Basic methods for the study of phagcytosis. In: Immunochemical Techniques: Phagocytosis and Cell Mediated Cytotoxicity, Di SabatoG, EverseJ (eds). Harcourt, Boston, 1986, pp 95180.
  • 3
    Beck B, Brain J, Bohannon D: An in vivo hamster bioassay to assess the toxicity of particulates for the lungs. Toxicol Appl Pharmacol 66: 929, 1982.
  • 4
    Bjerknes R: Flow cylometric assay for combined measurement of phagocytosis and intracellular killing of Candida albicans. J Immunol 72: 229241, 1984.
  • 5
    Bowden D: Macrophages, dusts, and pulmonary diseases. Exp Lung Res. 12: 89107, 1987.
  • 6
    Brain JD: Macrophages in the respiratory tract. In: Handbook of Physiology, FishmanAP (ed). American Physiological Society, Bethesda, 1985, pp 447471.
  • 7
    Dockery D, Pope III C, Xu X, Spengler J, Ware J, Fay M, Ferris B, Speizer F: An association between air pollution and mortality in six U.S. cities. N Engl J Med 329: 17531759, 1993.
  • 8
    Greenberg S, J. Ke, Kaplan E, Silverstein SC: A fluorescence technique to distinguish attached frominjested erythrocytes and zymosan particles in phagocytising macrophage. J Immunol 139: 115122, 1991.
  • 9
    Hed J, Hallden G, Johansson S, Larsson P: The use of fluorescence quenching in flow cytofluorometry to measure the attachment and ingestion phases in phagocytosis in peripheral blood without prior cell separation. J Immunol Methods 101: 119125, 1987.
  • 10
    Kobzik L, Godleski J, Brain J: Oxidative metabolism in the alveolar macrophage: Analysis by flow cytometry. J Leukocyte Biol 47: 295303, 1990.
  • 11
    Kobzik L, Godleski J, Brain J: Selective down-regulation of alveolar macrophage: oxidative response to opsonin-independent phagocytosis. J Immunol 144: 43124319, 1990.
  • 12
    Lehnert B, Tech C: Quantitative evaluation of opsonin-independent phagocytosis by alveolar macrophages in monolayer using polystyrene microsphere. J Immunol Methods 78: 337344, 1985.
  • 13
    Oda T, Maeda H: A new simple fluorometric assay for phagocytosis. J. Immuol Methods 1986: 175183, 1986.
  • 14
    Parod R, Brain J: Uptake of latex particles by pulmonary macrophages: role of calcium. Am J Physiol 245: C227C234, 1983.
  • 15
    Parod R, Brain JD: Uptake of latex particles by macrophages: characterization using flow cytometry. Am J Physiol 245: C220C226, 1983.
  • 16
    Salzman G, Mullaney PPB: Light scattering approaches to cell characterizations. In: Flow Cytometry and Sorting, MelamedM, MullaneyP, and MendelsohnM (eds). John Wiley & Sons, New York, 1979, pp 105124.
  • 17
    Schwartz J: Air pollution and daily mortality: A review and meta analysis. Environ Res 64: 3652, 1994.
  • 18
    Schwartz J: What are people dying of on high pollution days? Environ Res 64: 2635, 1994.
  • 19
    Shuman H, Murray JM, DiLullo C: Confocal microscopy: An overview. Biotechniques 7: 154163, 1989.
  • 20
    Stewart CC, Lehnert BE, Steinkamp JA: In vitro and in vivo measurment of phagocytosis by flow cytometry. In: Methods in Enzymology, Di SabatoG, and EverseJ (eds). Immunochemical Technoniques: Phagocytosis and cell-mediated cytotoxicity. Harcourt, Boston, 1986, p 132.
  • 21
    Stringer B, Kobzik L: Effect of surfactant components on alveolar macrophage interaction with TiO 2: Quantitation by flow cytometry. Am J Resp Crit Care Med 149: A504, 1994.
  • 22
    Ziegler-Heitbrock HWL, Thiel E, Futterer A, Herzog V, Wirtz A, Riethmuller G: Establishment of a human cell line (Mono Mac 6) with characteristics of mature monocyte-mediated antitumor cytotoxicity. Nat Immun Cell Growth Regul 7: 280287, 1988.