Literature Cited

  • 1
    Aboulker JP, Autran B, Beldjord K, Touraine F, Debre P: Consistency of routine measurements of CD4+, CD8+ peripheral blood lymphocytes. J Immunol Methods 154: 155161, 1992.
  • 2
    Adelman LM, Wofsy D: T-Cell homeostasis: Implications in HIV infection. J AIDS 6: 144152, 1993.
  • 3
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention:1993 Revised classification system for HIV infection and expanded surveillance case definition for AIDS among adolescents and adults. MMWR 41 (RR-17): 119, 1992.
  • 4
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. 1994 Revised guidelines for the performance of CD4+ T-cell determinations in persons with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infections. MMWR 43 (RR-3): 121, 1994.
  • 5
    Cohen AJ, Peerschke EIB, Steigbigel RT: A comparison of the Coulter STKS, Coulter S + V, and manual analysis of white blood cell differential counts in a human immunodeficiency virus-infected population. Am J Clin Pathol 100: 611617, 1993.
  • 6
    Fahey JL, Taylor JMG, Detels R, Hofmann B, Melmed R, Nishanian P, Giorgi JV: The prognostic value of cellular and serologic markers in infection with human immunodeficiency virus type 1. N Engl J Med 322: 166172, 1990.
  • 7
    Fernandez-Cruz E, Desco M, Montes MG, Longo N, Gonzalez B, Zabay JM: Immunological and serological markers predictive of progression to AIDS in cohort of HIV-infected drug users. AIDS 4: 987994, 1990.
  • 8
    Giorgi JV, Cheng HL, Margolick JB, Bauer KD, Ferbas J, Waxdal M, Schmid I, Hultin LE, Jackson AL, Park L, Taylor JMG, and Clin Immunol Immunopathol 55: 173186, 1990.
  • 9
    Goedert JJ, Biggar RJ, Melbye M, Mann DL, Wilson S, Gail MH, Grossman RJ, DiGioia RA, Sanchez WC, Weiss SH, Blattner WA: Effect of T4 count and cofactors on the incidence of AIDS in homosexual men infected with human immunodeficiency virus. JAMA 257: 331334, 1987.
  • 10
    Jewett JF, Hecht FM: Preventive health care for adults with HIV infection. JAMA 269: 11441153, 1993.
  • 11
    Koepke JA, Landay AL: Precision and accuracy of absolute lymphocyte counts. Clin Immunol Immunopathol 52: 1927, 1989.
  • 12
    Lang, W, Perkins H, Anderson RE, Royce R, Jewell N, Winkelstein W: Patterns of T lymphocyte changes with human immunodeficiency virus infection: From seroconversion to the development of AIDS. J AIDS 2: 6369, 1989.
  • 13
    Lange JMA, de Wolf F, Goudsmit J: Markers for progression in HIV infection. AIDS 3: S153160, 1989.
  • 14
    Loken MR, Brosnan JM, Bach BA, Ault KA: Establishing optimal lymphocyte gates for immunophenotyping by flow cytometry. Cytometry 11: 453459, 1990.
  • 15
    Margolick JB, Donnenberg AD, Muñoz A, Park LP, Bauer, KD, Giorgi JV, Ferbas, J, Saah AJ, and the Multicenter AIDS Cohort Study: Changes in T and non-T lymphocyte subsets following seroconversion to HIV-1: Stable CD3+ and declining CD3 populations suggest regulatory responses linked to loss of CD4 lymphocytes. J AIDS 6: 153161, 1993.
  • 16
    Masur H, Ognibene FP, Yarchoan R, Shelhamer JH, Baird BF, Travis W, Suffredini AF, Deyton L, Kovacs JA, Falloon J, Davey R, Polis M, Metcalf J, Baseler M, Wesley R, Gill VJ, Fauci AS, Lane HC: CD4 counts as predictors of opportunistic pneumonias in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection. Ann Intern Med 111: 223231, 1989.
  • 17
    Mercolino TJ, Connelly MC, Meyer EJ, Knight MD, Parker JW, Steltzer GT, DeChirico G: Immunologic differentiation of absolute lymphocyte count with an integrated system: A new concept for absolute cell-subset determinations. Cytometry 22: 4859, 1995.
  • 18
    Nicholson JK, Spira TJ, Aloisio CH, Jones BM, Kennedy MS, Holman RC, McDougal JS: Serial determinations of HIV-1 titers in HIV infected homosexual men: association of rising titers with CD4 T cell depletion and progression to AIDS. AIDS Res Hum Retroviruses 5: 205215, 1989.
  • 19
    Rickman WJ, Waxdal MJ, Monical C, Damato JD, Burke DS: Department of the Army lymphocyte immunophenotyping quality assurance program. Clin Immunol Immunopathol 52: 8595, 1989.
  • 20
    Robinson G, Morgan L, Evans M, McDermott S, Pereira S, Wansbrough-Jones M, Griffin G: Effect of type of hematology analyser on CD4 count. Lancet 340:485, 1992.
  • 21
    Schenker EL, Hultin LE, Bauer KD, Ferbas J, Margolick JB, Giorgi JV: Evaluation of a dual-color flow cytometry immunophenotyping panel in a multicenter quality assurance program. Cytometry 14: 307317, 1993.
  • 22
    Stelzer GT, McLeish KR, Lorden RE, Watson SL: Alterations in T-lymphocyte subpopulations associated with renal allograft rejection. Transplantation 37:261, 1984.
  • 23
    Taylor JMG, Fahey JL, Detels R, Giorgi JV: CD4 percentage, CD4 number, and CD 4: CD8 ratio in HIV infection: Which to choose and how to use. J AIDS 2: 114124, 1989.
  • 24
    Wright JJ, Wagner DK, Blaese RM, Hagengruber C, Waldmann TA, Fleisher TA: Characterization of common variable immunodeficiency: Identification of a subset of patients with distinctive immunophenotypic and clinical features. Blood 76: 20462041, 1990.