Literature Cited

  • 1
    AbramsD, CottonD, MayerK (eds): AIDS/HIV Treatment Directory 7(2). American Foundation for AIDS Research (AmFAR), 1994.
  • 2
    Barlogie B, Raber MN, Schumann J, Johnson TS, Drewinko B, Swartzendruber DE, Gohde W, Andreeff M, Freireich E: Flow cytometry in clinical cancer research. Cancer Res 43: 39823997, 1983.
  • 3
    Bohmer R-M, Papaioannou J, Ashcroft RG: Flow Cytometric determination of fluorescence ratios between differently stained particles is dependent on excitation intensity. J Histochem Cytochem 33: 974976, 1985.
  • 4
    Brando B, Sommaruga E: Nationwide quality control trial on lymphocyte immunophenotyping and flow cytometry performance in Italy. Cytometry 14:294, 1993.
  • 5
    Brown M, Hoffman R, Kirchanski S: Controls for flow cytometers in hematology and cellular immunology. Ann NY Acad Sci 468: 93103, 1986.
  • 6
    Caldwell C, Maggi J, Henry L, Taylor H: Fluorescence intensity as a quality control parameter in clinical flow cytometry. Am J Clin Pathol 88(4): 447456, 1987.
  • 7
    Chatelier R, Ashcroft R: Calibration of flow cytometric fluorescence standards using the isoparametric analysis of ligand binding. Cytometry 8(6): 632636, 1987.
  • 8
    Coulter Corp., Cytometry Telemarketing, Hialeah, Fl, promotional document 4206486-A: 8/92.
  • 9
    Dovichi NJ, Martin JC, Jett JH, Trikula M, Keller RA: Laser induced fluorescence of flowing samples as an approach to single molecule detection in liquids. Anal Chem 56: 348354, 1984.
  • 10
    Durand RE: Calibration of flow cytometric detector systems. Cytometry 2: 192193, 1981.
  • 11
    Gelman R, Cheng SC, Kidd P, Waxdal M, Kagan J: Assessment of the effects of instrumentation, monoclonal antibody and flurochrome on flow cytometry immunophenotyping: A report based on two years of the NIAIDS DAIDS flow cytometry quality assessment program, Clin Immunol Immunopathol 66:150, 1993.
  • 12
    Giorgi JV, Kesson AM, Chou CC: Immunodeficiency and infectious diseases. In: Manual of Clinical Laboratory Immunology, 4th ed., RoseNR, deMacarioEC, FaheyJL, FriedmanH, PennGM (eds). American Society of Microbiology, Washington DC, 1992, pp 174181.
  • 13
    Glazer AN, Stryer L: Phycofluor probes. TIBS: 423427, 1984.
  • 14
    Haugland RP: Covalent fluorescent probes. In: SteinerRF (ed), Excited States of Biopolymers, Plenum Press, New York, 1983, pp 2958.
  • 15
    Harvath L: Quality control in clinical flow cytometry. Pathol Immunopathol Res 7: 338344, 1988.
  • 16
    Herzenberg and Herzenberg: Analysis and separation using the fluorescence activated cell sorter (FACS) In: Weir, DM (ed). Handbook of Experimental Immunology, Vol 2, Chapter 22, Blackwell, London, 1978, pp 121.
  • 17
    Homburger HA, Rosenstock W, Paxton H, Paton ML, Landy AL: Assessment of interiaboratory variability of immunophenotyping: Results of the American Pathologists Flow Cytometry Survey. Ann NY Acad Sci 677: 4349, 1993.
  • 18
    Horan PK, Loken MR: A practical guide to the use of flow systems. In: Van DillaMA, DeanPN, LaerumOD, MelamedMR (eds). Flow Cytometry: Instrumentation and Data Analysis. Academic Press, New York, 1985, pp 260280.
  • 19
    Horan PK, Muirhead KA, Slezak SE: Standards and Controls in Flow Cytometry. In:Flow Cytometry and Sorting, 2nd ed., MelamedMR, LindmoT, MendelsohnML (eds). John Wiley & Sons, New York, 1990, pp 397414.
  • 20
    Instrument Quality Control and Fluorescence Quantitation, Technical Bulletin, Flow Cytometry Standards Corp., Research Triangle Park, NC 27709.
  • 21
    Kronick MN, Grossman PD: Immonoassay technique with fluorescent phycobiliproteins conjugates. Clin Chem 29: 15821586, 1983
  • 22
    Kunkl A, Valle MT, Fenoglio D, Manca F: Accuracy assessment in flow cytometry quality control: Use of cloned human T-lymphocytes as cellular standards. Flow Cytometry Standardization Forum 5(3): 35, 1993.
  • 23
    Levey S, Jennings ER: The use of control charts in the clinical laboratory. AmJ Clin Pathol 20: 10591066, 1950.
  • 24
    Landy A, et al.: National Committee for Clinical Laboratory Standards. Clinical applications of flow cytometry: Quality assurance and immunophenot yping of peripheral blood lymphocytes, tentative guidlines, NCCLS Document No. H42-T. NCCLS. Villanova, PA 1991.
  • 25
    Loken MR, Parks DR, Herzenberg LA: Identification of cell asymmetry and orientation by light scattering. J Histochem Cytochem 25(7): 790795, 1977.
  • 26
    Mathies RA, Stryer L: Single molecule fluorescence detection: A feasibility study using phycoerythrin. In: TaylorDL, WaggonerAS, MurphyRF, LanniF, BirgeR (eds), Applications of Fluorescence in the Biomedical Sciences. Alan R. Liss, New York, (1986), pp 129140.
  • 27
    Marti GE, Magruder L, Patrick K, et al.: Normal human blood density gradient lympocyte subset analysis: 1. An interlaboratory flow cytometric comparison of 85 normal adults. Am J Hematol 20: 4152, 1985.
  • 28
    Marti GE: Strange scatter. Flow Cytometry Standardization Forum 1 (2):5, 1989.
  • 29
    McCarthy RC, Fetterhoff TJ: Issues for quality assurance in clinical flow cytometry. Arch Pathol Lab Med 113: 658666, 1989.
  • 30
    Melamed MR, Mullaney PF, Shapiro HM: An historical review of the developments of flow cytometers and sorters. In:Flow Cytometry and Sorting, 2nd ed. MelamedMR, LindmoT, MendelsohnML (eds). John Wiley & Sons, New York, pp 19, 1990.
  • 31
    Miglierina R: Some applications of microspheres in flow cytometery. Biol Cell 58(2) 157a, 130, 1986.
    Direct Link:
  • 32
    Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report: 1994 Revised Guidelines for the Performance of CD4 + T-Cell Determinations in Persons with Human Immunodeficiency Virus. US Dept. of Health and Human Services, 43(RR-3), March 4, 1994.
  • 33
    Muirhead KA: Quality control in flow cytometry. Flow Cytometry Standardization Forum 1(2): 67, 1989.
  • 34
    Nicholson JKA: Report from the National Conference on CD4 + T-Lymphocyte Immunophenotyping, June 23–24, 1993. Flow Cytometry Standardization Forum 5(3): 13, 1993.
  • 35
    Nowak R: Cancer research: A new test gives early warning of a growing killer. Science 264: 18471848, 1994.
  • 36
    Oi V, Glazer AN, Stryer L: Fluorescent phycobiliproteins conjugates for analysis of cells and molecules. J Cell Biol 93: 981986, 1982.
  • 37
    Oonishi T, Uyesaka N: A new standard fluorescence microsphere for quantitative flow cytometry. J Immunol Methods 84(1–2): 143154, 1985.
  • 38
    Parker JW, Adeishcrg B, Azen SP, et al: Leucocyte immunophenotyping by flow cytometry in a multisite study: Standardization, quality control and normal values in the transfusion safety study. Clin Immunol Immunopathol 55: 187220, 1990.
  • 39
    Paxton H, Kidd P, Landy A, Giorgi J, Flomenberg N, Walker E, Valentine F, Fahey J, Gelman R: Results of the flow cytometry quality control program: Analysis and findings. Clin Immunol Immunopathol 52: 6884, 1989.
  • 40
    Rickman WJ, Waxdal MJ, Monical C, Damanto JD, Burke DS: Department of Army Lymphocyte Immunophenotyping Quality Assurance Program. Clin Immunol Immunopathol 52: 8589, 1989.
  • 41
    Schwartz A, Iglesias N, Fernandez-Repollet E: Flow Cytometry Performance Survey 1990. Flow Cytometry Standardization Forum 2(2): 45, 1990.
  • 42
    Schwartz A: Fluorescent Microbead Standards (monograph). Flow Cytometry Standards Corp., Research Triangle Park, NC 1989.
  • 43
    Shapiro HM: Practical Flow Cytometry. Alan R. Liss, New York, 1985.
  • 44
    Sramkoski RM, Babcock GF: The use of reference microbeads to standardize a flow cytometer. Flow Cytometry Standardization Forum 2(2): 13, 1990.
  • 45
    Steen HB, Lindmo T: Flow cytometry: A high resolution instrument for everyone. Science 204: 403404, 1979.
  • 46
    Steen HB: Further developments of a microscope based flow cytometer: Light scatter detection and excitation intensity compensation. Cytometry 1(1): 2631, 1980.
  • 47
    Steen HB: Differential light scatter detection in an arc lamp-based epi-illumination flow cytometer. Cytometry 7: 445449, 1985.
  • 48
    Steen HB: Simultaneous separate detection of low angle and large angle scattering in an arc lamp based flow cytometer. Cytometry 7: 445449, 1998.
  • 49
    Steen HB: Characteristics of flow cytometry. In: Flow Cytometry and Sorting, 2nd ed., MelamedMR, LindmoT, MendelsohnML (eds). John Wiley & Sons, New York, 1990, pp 1125.
  • 50
    Vogt RF: Standardized data acquistion and analysis for lymphocyte phenotyping. Flow Cytometry Standardization Forum 1(2): 1989.
  • 51
    Vogt RF, Cross DG, Henderson LO, Phillips DL: Model system evaluating fluorescein-labeled microbeads as internal standards to calibrate fluorescence intensity on flow cytometers. Cytometry 10: 294302, 1989.
  • 52
    Waggoner AS: Fluorescent probes for cytometry. In: Flow Cytometry and Sorting, 2nd ed. MelamedMR, LindmoT, MedelsohnML (eds). John Wiley & Sons, New York, 1990, pp 503529.
  • 53
    Waxdel MJ, Monical MC, Fleisher TA: Interlaboratory survey of lymphocyte immunophenotyping. Pathol Immunopathol Res 7: 345356, 1989.