Cytometry of raft and caveola membrane microdomains: From flow and imaging techniques to high throughput screening assays

Authors

  • Endre Kiss,

    1. Immunology Research Group of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences at Eötvös Loránd University, Budapest, Hungary
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  • Péter Nagy,

    1. Department of Biophysics and Cell Biology, Health Science Center, University of Debrecen, Debrecen, Hungary
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  • Andrea Balogh,

    1. Department of Immunology, Institute of Biology, Eötvös Loránd University, Budapest, Hungary
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  • János Szöllősi,

    1. Department of Biophysics and Cell Biology, Health Science Center, University of Debrecen, Debrecen, Hungary
    2. Cell Biology and Signaling Research Group of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences, Health Science Center, University of Debrecen, Debrecen, Hungary
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  • János Matkó

    Corresponding author
    1. Department of Immunology, Institute of Biology, Eötvös Loránd University, Budapest, Hungary
    2. Immunology Research Group of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences at Eötvös Loránd University, Budapest, Hungary
    • Department of Immunology, Institute of Biology, Eötvös Loránd University, Budapest, Hungary
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Abstract

The evolutionarily developed microdomain structure of biological membranes has gained more and more attention in the past decade. The caveolin-free “membrane rafts,” the caveolin-expressing rafts (caveolae), as well as other membrane microdomains seem to play an essential role in controlling and coordinating cell-surface molecular recognition, internalization/endocytosis of the bound molecules or pathogenic organisms and in regulation of transmembrane signal transduction processes. Therefore, in many research fields (e.g. neurobiology and immunology), there is an ongoing need to understand the nature of these microdomains and to quantitatively characterize their lipid and protein composition under various physiological and pathological conditions. Flow and image cytometry offer many sophisticated and routine tools to study these questions. In this review, we give an overview of the past efforts to detect and characterize these membrane microdomains by the use of classical cytometric technologies, and finally we will discuss the results and perspectives of a new line of raft cytometry, the “high throughput screening assays of membrane microdomains,” based on “lipidomic” and “proteomic” approaches. © 2008 International Society for Advancement of Cytometry

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