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LITERATURE CITED

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    Hartmann RC, Jenkins DE. Sugar-water test for paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria. N Engl J Med 1966; 275: 155157.
  • 2
    Hartmann RC, Jenkins DE, Arnold AB. Diagnostic specificity of sucrose hemolysis test for paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria. Blood 1970; 35: 462475.
  • 3
    van der Schoot CE, Huizinga TW, ET vtV-K, Wijmans R, Pinkster J, dem Borne AE. Deficiency of glycosyl-phosphatidylinositol-linked membrane glycoproteins of leukocytes in paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria, description of a new diagnostic cytofluorometric assay. Blood 1990; 76: 18531859.
  • 4
    Hall SE, Rosse WF. The use of monoclonal antibodies and flow cytometry in the diagnosis of paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria. Blood 1996; 87: 53325340.
  • 5
    Schubert J, Alvarado M, Uciechowski P, et al. Diagnosis of paroxysmal nocturnal haemoglobinuria using immunophenotyping of peripheral blood cells. Br J Haematol 1991; 79: 487492.
  • 6
    Howard SP, Buckley JT. Activation of the hole-forming toxin aerolysin by extracellular processing. J Bacteriol 1985; 163: 336340.
  • 7
    Garland WJ, Buckley JT. The cytolytic toxin aerolysin must aggregate to disrupt erythrocytes, and aggregation is stimulated by human glycophorin. Infect Immun 1988; 56: 12491253.
  • 8
    Mukhina G, Buckley T, Brodsky RA. A rapid spectrophotometric screening assay for paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria. Acta Haematol 2002; 107: 182184.
  • 9
    Brodsky RA, Mukhina GL, Nelson KL, Lawrence TS, Jones RJ, Buckley JT. Diagnosis of paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria (PNH) and selection of small PNH populations using a novel GPI-anchor binding toxin, aerolysin. Blood 1998; 92: 472A.
  • 10
    Brodsky RA, Mukhina GL, Li S, et al. Improved detection and characterization of paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria using fluorescent aerolysin. Am J Clin Pathol 2000; 114: 459466.
  • 11
    Fehr J, Knob M. Comparison of red-cell creatine level and reticulocyte count in appraising the severity of hemolytic processes. Blood 1979; 53: 966976.
  • 12
    Dunn DE, Tanawattanacharoen P, Boccuni P, et al. Paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria cells in patients with bone marrow failure syndromes. Ann Intern Med 1999; 131: 401408.