Properties of human blood monocytes. I. CD91 expression and log orthogonal light scatter provide a robust method to identify monocytes that is more accurate than CD14 expression
Article first published online: 8 OCT 2013
Copyright © 2013 Clinical Cytometry Society
Cytometry Part B: Clinical Cytometry
Volume 86, Issue 2, pages 111–120, March 2014
How to Cite
How to cite this article: Properties of Human Blood Monocytes. I. CD91 Expression and Log Orthogonal Light Scatter Provide a Robust Method to Identify Monocytes that is More Accurate Than CD14 Expression. Cytometry Part B 2014; 86B: 111–120., , , and .
- Issue published online: 25 FEB 2014
- Article first published online: 8 OCT 2013
- Manuscript Accepted: 6 SEP 2013
- Manuscript Revised: 13 AUG 2013
- Manuscript Received: 8 JUN 2013
- Office of Naval Research
- Nevada BRIN/INBRE. Grant Number: NIH P20 RR016464
- cell counts;
- leukocyte differential counts;
This study was designed to improve identification of human blood monocytes by using antibodies to molecules that occur consistently on all stages of monocyte development and differentiation.
We examined blood samples from 200 healthy adults without clinically diagnosed immunological abnormalities by flow cytometry (FCM) with multiple combinations of antibodies and with a hematology analyzer (Beckman LH750).
CD91 (α2-macroglobulin receptor) was expressed only by monocytes and to a consistent level among subjects [mean median fluorescence intensity (MFI) = 16.2 ± 3.2]. Notably, only 85.7 ± 5.82% of the CD91+ monocytes expressed high levels of the classical monocyte marker CD14, with some CD91+ CD16+ cells having negligible CD14, indicating that substantial FCM under-counts will occur when monocytes are identified by high CD14. CD33 (receptor for sialyl conjugates) was co-expressed with CD91 on monocytes but CD33 expression varied by nearly ten-fold among subjects (mean MFI = 17.4 ± 7.7). In comparison to FCM analyses, the hematology analyzer systematically over-counted monocytes and eosinophils while lymphocyte and neutrophil differential values generally agreed with FCM methods.
CD91 is a better marker to identify monocytes than CD14 or CD33. Furthermore, FCM (with anti-CD91) identifies monocytes better than a currently used clinical CBC instrument. Use of anti-CD91 together with anti-CD14 and anti-CD16 supports the identification of the diagnostically significant monocyte populations with variable expression of CD14 and CD16. © 2013 International Clinical Cytometry Society