Trichotillomania and skin-picking: A phenomenological comparison
Article first published online: 26 FEB 2002
Copyright © 2002 Wiley-Liss, Inc.
Depression and Anxiety
Volume 15, Issue 2, pages 83–86, 2002
How to Cite
Lochner, C., Simeon, D., Niehaus, D. J.H. and Stein, D. J. (2002), Trichotillomania and skin-picking: A phenomenological comparison. Depress. Anxiety, 15: 83–86. doi: 10.1002/da.10034
- Issue published online: 26 FEB 2002
- Article first published online: 26 FEB 2002
- Manuscript Accepted: 16 JAN 2002
- Manuscript Received: 20 AUG 2001
- Medical Research Council (MRC) of South Africa
Although trichotillomania and pathological skin-picking are both characterized by repetitive self-injurious stereotypic behaviors, the former is classified as an impulse control disorder, while the latter is not given a specific diagnostic category in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (4th edition) [APA, 1994]. There are, however, few empirical data on phenomenological similarities and differences between these disorders. Patients with trichotillomania and pathological skin-picking were compared in terms of several demographic (age, gender), clinical (comorbid axis I and II disorders), and personality variables.
Trichotillomania and pathological skin-picking were very similar in demographics, psychiatric comorbidity, and personality dimensions. Dissociative symptoms may be more common in trichotillomania than in pathological skin-picking. These data support the concept of phenomenological overlap between trichotillomania and pathological skin-picking. Future work to assess the implications of overlap for clinical evaluation and intervention in the two conditions may be useful. Depression and Anxiety 15:83–86, 2002. © 2002 Wiley-Liss, Inc.