SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

REFERENCES

  • Allgulander C, Dahl A, Austin C, Morris P, Sogaard J, Fayyad R, Kutcher S, Clary C. 2004. Efficacy of sertraline in a 12-week trial for generalized anxiety disorder. Am J Psychiatry 161:16421649.
  • Andlin-Sobocki P, Wittchen H. 2005. Cost of anxiety disorders in Europe. Eur J Neurol 12(Suppl 1):3944.
  • Andlin-Sobocki P, Jonsson B, Wittchen H-U, Olesen J. 2005. Cost of disorders of the brain in Europe. Eur J Neurol 12(Suppl 1):127.
  • Andrews G, Sanderson K, Slade T, Issakidis C. 2000. Why does the burden of disease persist? Relating the burden of anxiety and depression to effectiveness of treatment. Bull WHO 78:446453.
  • Andrews G, Henderson S, Hall W. 2001. Prevalence, comorbidity, disability and service utilisation. Overview of the Australian National Mental Health Survey. Br J Psychiatry 178:145153.
  • APA. 1980. Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders, third edition revised (DSM-III-R). Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Association.
  • APA. 1994. Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders, fourth edition (DSM-IV). Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Association.
  • Ballenger J, Davidson J, Lecrubier Y, Nutt D, Borkovec T, Rickels K, Stein D, Wittchen H. 2001. Consensus statement on generalized anxiety disorder from the International Consensus Group on Depression and Anxiety. J Clin Psychiatry 62(Suppl 11):5358.
  • Bijl R, Ravelli A. 2000. Current and residual functional disability associated with psychopathology: findings from the Netherlands Mental Health Survey and Incidence Study (NEMESIS). Psychol Med 30:657668.
  • Bijl R, van Zessen G, Ravelli A, de Rijk C, Langendoen Y. 1998. The Netherlands Mental Health Survey and Incidence Study (NEMESIS): objectives and design. Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol 33:581586.
  • Breier A, Charney D, Heninger G. 1985. The diagnostic validity of anxiety disorders and their relationship to depressive illness. Am J Psychiatry 142:787797.
  • Carter C, Maddock R. 1992. Chest pain in generalized anxiety disorder. Int J Psychiatry Med 22:291298.
  • Cramer-CandPolit, V, Torgersen S, Kringlen E. 2005. Quality of life and anxiety disorders: a population study. J Nerv Ment Dis 193:196202.
  • Diefenbach G, Hopko D, Feigon S, Stanley M, Novy D, Beck J, Averill P. 2003. ‘Minor GAD’: characteristics of subsyndromal GAD in older adults. Behav Res Ther 41:481487.
  • Endicott J, Nee J. 1997. Endicott Work Productivity Scale (EWPS): a new measure to assess treatment effect. Psychopharmacol Bull 33:1316.
  • Endicott J, Nee J, Harrison W, Blumenthal R. 1993. Quality of Life Enjoyment and Satisfaction Questionnaire: a new measure. Psychopharmacol Bull 29:321326.
  • Goodwin R, Stein M. 2002. Generalized anxiety disorder and peptic ulcer disease among adults in the United States. Psychosom Med 64:862866.
  • Greenberg P, Sisitsky T, Kessler R, Finkelstein S, Berndt E, Davidson J, Ballenger J, Fyer A. 1999. The economic burden of anxiety disorders in the 1990 s. J Clin Psychiatry 60:427435.
  • Greenfield S, Reizes J, Muenz L, Kopans B, Kozloff R, Jacobs D. 2000. Treatment for depression following the National Depression Screening Day. Am J Psychiatry 157:18671869.
  • Grigsby A, Anderson R, Freedland K, Clouse R, Lustman P. 2002. Prevalence of anxiety in adults with diabetes: a systematic review. J Psychosom Res 53:10531060.
  • Hamilton M. 1959. The assessment of anxiety states by rating. Br J Med Psychol 32:5055.
  • Hunt C, Slade T, Andrews G. 2004. Generalized anxiety disorder and major depressive disorder comorbidity in the national survey of mental health and well-being. Depress Anxiety 20:2331.
  • Jones G, Ames S, Jeffries S, Scarinci I, Brantley P. 2001. Utilization of medical services and quality of life among low-income patients with generalized anxiety disorder attending primary care clinic. Int J Psychiatry Med 31:183198.
  • Judd L, Kessler R, Paulus M, Zeller P, Wittchen H-U, Kunovac J. 1998. Comorbidity is a fundamental feature of generalized anxiety disorders: results from the National Comorbidity Study (NCS). Acta Psychiatr Scand 98(Suppl 393):611.
  • Kane FJ, Harper R, Wittels E. 1988. Angina as a symptom of psychiatric illness. South Med J 81:14121416.
  • Kennedy B, Schwab J. 1997. Utilization of medical specialists by anxiety disorder patients. Psychosomatics 38:109112.
  • Kennedy B, Lin Y, Schwab J. 2002. Work, social and family disabilities of subjects with anxiety and depression. South Med J 95:14241427.
  • Kessler R. 2000. The epidemiology of pure and comorbid generalized anxiety disorder: a review and evaluation of recent research. Acta Psychiatr Scand 102(Suppl 406):713.
  • Kessler R, McGonagle K, Zhao S, Nelson C, Huges M, Eshleman S, Wittchen H-U, Kendler K. 1994. Lifetime and 12-month prevalence of DSM-III-R psychiatric disorders in the United States. Results from the National Comorbidity Survey. Arch Gen Psychiatry 51:819.
  • Kessler R, Mickelson K, Zhao S. 1997. Patterns and correlates of self-help group membership in the United States. Social Policy 27: 2746.
  • Kessler R, DuPont R, Berglund P, Wittchen H-U. 1999. Impairment in pure and comorbid generalized anxiety disorder and major depression at 12 months in two national surveys. Am J Psychiatry 156:19151923.
  • Kessler R, Greenberg P, Mickelson M, Meneades L, Wang P. 2001. The effects of chronic medical conditions on work loss and work cutback. J Occup Environ Med 2001:218225.
  • Kessler R, Berglund P, Dewit D, Ustun T, Wang P, Wittchen H-U. 2002. Distinguishing generalized anxiety disorder from major depression: prevalence and impairment from current pure and comorbid disorders in the US and Ontario. Int J Methods Psychiatr Res 11:99111.
  • Kessler R, Berglund P, Demler O, Jin R, Merikangas K, Walters E. 2005a. Lifetime prevalence and age of onset distributions of DSM-IV disorders in the National Comorbidity Survey Replication. Arch Gen Psychiatry 62:593602.
  • Kessler R, Chiu W, Demler O, Walters E. 2005b. Prevalence, severity and comorbidity of 12-month DSM-IV disorders in the National Comorbidity Survey Replication. Arch Gen Psychiatry 62:617627.
  • Krause P, Wittchen H-U, Hofler M. 2001. Generalisierte Angst und Depression in der Allgemeinarztpraxis (GAD-P). Studiendesign und Methodik. Munchner Medizin Wochens-Fortschr Medizin 119:512.
  • Lehman A. 2000. Quality of Life Interview (QOLI). American Psychiatric Association (ed.). Handbook of Psychiatric Measures. Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Association. p 138–140.
  • Lothgren M. 2004. Economic evidence in anxiety disorders: a review. Eur J Health Econ (Suppl 1):S20S25.
  • Louge M, Thomas A, Barbee J, Hoehn-Saric R, Maddock R, Schwab J, Smith R, Sullivan M, Beitman B. 1993. Generalized anxiety disorder patients seek evaluation for cardiological symptoms at the same frequency as patients with panic disorder. J Psychiatr Res 27:5559.
  • Lydiard R. 2000. An overview of generalized anxiety disorder: disease state-appropriate therapy. Clin Ther 22(Suppl A):A3A24.
  • Lydiard R, Fossey M, Marsh W, Ballenger J. 1993. Prevalence of psychiatric disorders in patients with irritable bowel syndrome. Psychosomatics 34:229234.
  • Maier W, Gansicke M, Freyberger H, Linz M, Heun R, Lecrubier Y. 2000. Generalized anxiety disorder (ICD-10) in primary care from a cross-cultural perspective: a valid diagnostic entity? Acta Psychiatr Scand 101:2936.
  • Massion A, Warshaw M, Keller M. 1993. Quality of life and psychiatric morbidity in panic disorder and generalized anxiety disorder. Am J Psychiatry 150:600607.
  • Mavissakalian M, Zamar N. 2000. Generalized anxiety disorder versus panic disorder: participation in controlled efficacy trials. Comp Psychiatry 41:253258.
  • McDowell I, Newell C. 1987. Measuring health: a guide to rating scales and questionnaires. New York: Oxford University Press. p 125–133.
  • Offord D, Boyle M, Campbell D, Goering P, Lin E, Wong M, Racine Y. 1996. One-year prevalence of psychiatric disorder in Ontarians 15 to 64 years of age. Can J Psychiatry 41:559563.
  • Ofman J, Badamgarav E, Henning J, Knight K, Gano AJ, Levan R, Gur-Arie S, Richards M, Hasselblad V, Weingarten S. 2004. Does disease management improve clinical and economic outcomes in patients with chronic diseases? A systematic review. Am J Med 117:182192.
  • Olfson M, Fireman B, Weissman M, Leon A, Sheehan D, Kathol R, Hoven C, Farber L. 1997. Mental disorders and disability among patients in a primary care group practice. Am J Psychiatry 154:17341740.
  • Olfson M, Shea S, Feder A, Fuentes M, Nomura Y, Gameroff M, Wissman M. 2000. Prevalence of anxiety, depression and substance use disorders in an urban general medicine practice. Arch Fam Med 9:876883.
  • Olfson M, Marcus S, Druss B, Elinson L, Tanielian T, Pincus H. 2002. National trends in the outpatient treatment of depression. JAMA 287:203209.
  • Ormel J, VonKorff M, Ustun T, Pini S, Korten A, Oldehinkel T. 1994. Common mental disorders and disability across cultures: results from the WHO collaborative study on psychological problems in general health care. JAMA 272:17411748.
  • Pearce M, Mayou R, Klimes I. 1990. The management of atypical non-cardiac chest pain. Q J Med 76:991996.
  • Pollack M, Zaninelli R, Goddard A, McCafferty J, Bellew K, Burnham D, Iyengar M. 2001. Paroxetine in the treatment of generalized anxiety disorder: results of a placebo-controlled, flexible-dosage trial. J Clin Psychiatry 62:350357.
  • Rickels K, Zaninelli R, McCafferty J, Bellew K, Iyengar M, Sheehan D. 2003. Paroxetine treatment of generalized anxiety disorder: A double-blind, placebo-controlled study. Am J Psychiatry 160:749756.
  • Rosenthal M. 2003. Tiagabine for the treatment of generalized anxiety disorder: a randomized, open-label, clinical trial with paroxetine as a positive control. J Clin Psychiatry 64:12451249.
  • Roy-Byrne P, Wagner A. 2004. Primary care perspectives on general anxiety disorder. J Clin Psychiatry 65(Suppl 13):2026.
  • Sanderson K, Andrews G. 2002. Prevalence and severity of mental health-related disability and relationship to diagnosis. Psychiatr Serv 53:8086.
  • Schonfeld W, Verboncoeur C, Fifer S, Lipschutz R, Lubeck D, Beusching D. 1997. The functioning and well-being of patients with unrecognized anxiety disorders and major depressive disorder. J Affect Disord 43:105119.
  • Sheehan D, Harnett-Sheehan K, Raj B. 1996. The measurement of disability. Int Clin Psychopharmacol 11:8995.
  • Sociale UUdCNdS. 1992. Nomenclature generale des actes profesionnels.
  • Souetre E, Lozet H, Cimarosti I, Martin P, Chignon J, Ades J, Tignol J, Darcourt G. 1994. Cost of anxiety disorders: impact of comorbidity. J Psychosom Res 38(Suppl 1):151160.
  • Spitzer R, Kroenke K, Linzer M, Hahn S, Williams J, deGruy FI, Brody D, Davies M. 1995. Health-related quality of life in primary care patients with mental disorders: results from the PRIME-MD 1000 Study. JAMA 274:15111517.
  • Spitzer R, Kroenke K, Williams J. 1999. Validation and utility of a self-report version of PRIME-MD. The PHQ primary care study. JAMA 282:17371744.
  • Stanley M, Beck J, Novy D, Averill P, Swann A, Diefenbach G, Hopko D. 2003. Cognitive-behavioral treatment of late-life generalized anxiety disorder. J Consult Clin Psychol 7:309319.
  • Stein D. 2001. Comorbidity in generalized anxiety disorder: impact and implications. J Clin Psychiatry 62(Suppl 11):2934.
  • Stein M, Heimberg R. 2004. Well-being and life satisfaction in generalized anxiety disorder: comparison to major depressive disorder in a community sample. J Affect Disord 79:161166.
  • Stewart A, Hays R, Ware J. 1988. The MOS short-form general health survey: reliability and validity in a patient population. Med Care 26:724735.
  • VonKorff M, Ustun T, Ormel J, Kaplan I, Simon G. 1996. Self-report disability in an international primary care study of psychological illness. J Clin Epidemiol 49:297303.
  • Wang P, Berglund P, Olfson M, Pincus H, Wells K, Kessler R. 2005. Failure and delay in initial treatment contact after first onset of mental disorders in the National Comorbidity Survey-Replication. Arch Gen Psychiatry 62:603613.
  • Ware J. 1993. SF-36 Health Survey: manual and interpretation guide. Boston: Quality Metric.
  • Ware J, Sherbourne C. 1992. The MOS 36-item short form health survey (SF-36). I. Conceptual framework and item selection. Med Care 30:473483.
  • Ware J, Kosinski M, Keller S. 1996. A 12-item short-form health survey: construction of scales and preliminary tests of reliability and validity. Med Care 34:220233.
  • Weiller E, Bisserbe C, Maier W, Lecrubier Y. 1998. Prevalence and recognition of anxiety syndromes in five European primary care settings: a report from the WHO Study on Psychological Problems in General Health Care. Br J Psychiatry 17(Suppl 34):1823.
  • Wetherell J, Thorp S, Patterson T, Golshan S, Jeste D, Gatz M. 2004. Quality of life in geriatric generalized anxiety disorder: a preliminary investigation. J Psychiatric Res 38:305312.
  • WHO. 1993. The ICD-10 Classification of Mental and Behavioral Disorders-Diagnostic Criteria for Research. Geneva: World Health Organization.
  • Wiersma D, DeJong A, Ormel J. 1988. The Groningen Social Disability Schedule: development, relationship with I.C.I.D.H., and psychometric properties. Int J Rehab Res 11:213224.
  • Wittchen H-U, Zhao S, Kessler R, Eaton W. 1994. DSM-III-R generalized anxiety disorder in the National Comorbidity Survey. Arch Gen Psychiatry 51:355364.
  • Wittchen H-U, Mueller N, Storz S. 1998. Psychische Stoerungen: Haufigkeit, psychosoziale Beentraechtigungen und Zusammenhaenge mit koerperlichen Erkrankugen. Gesundheitswensen 60:S95S100.
  • Wittchen H-U, Carter R, Pfister H, Mongomery S, Kessler R. 2000. Disabilities and quality of life in pure and comorbid generalized anxiety disorder and major depression in a national survey. Int Clin Psychopharmacol 15:319328.
  • Wittchen H-U, Kessler R, Beesdo K, Krause P, Hofler M, Jurgen H. 2002. Generalized anxiety and depression in primary care: prevalence, recognition, and management. J Clin Psychiatry 63(Suppl 8):2434.
  • Wittchen H-U, Beesdo K, Bittner A, Goodwin R. 2003. Depressive episodes—evidence for a causal role of primary anxiety disorders? Eur Psychiatry 18:384393.
  • Wood V, Wylie M, Sheafor B. 1969. An analysis of a short self-report measure of life satisfaction: correlation with rater judgments. J Gerontol 24:465469.
  • Wulsin LR, Arnold LM, Hillard JR. 1991. Axis I disorders in ER patients with atypical chest pain. Int J Psychiatry Med 21:3746.