This article is a US government work, and, as such, is in the public domain in the United States of America.
The developmental psychopathology of social anxiety in adolescents†
Article first published online: 8 MAR 2007
This article is a U.S. Government work and is in the public domain in the U.S.A. Published in 2007 by Wiley-Liss, Inc.
Depression and Anxiety
Volume 25, Issue 3, pages 200–206, March 2008
How to Cite
Hayward, C., Wilson, K. A., Lagle, K., Kraemer, H. C., Killen, J. D. and Taylor, C. B. (2008), The developmental psychopathology of social anxiety in adolescents. Depress. Anxiety, 25: 200–206. doi: 10.1002/da.20289
- Issue published online: 25 MAR 2008
- Article first published online: 8 MAR 2007
- Manuscript Accepted: 12 SEP 2006
- Manuscript Revised: 31 AUG 2006
- Manuscript Received: 21 JAN 2005
- NIMH. Grant Numbers: 5R01 HD24779-05, 5R01 MH45431-04
- Stanford Center on Adolescence, and the W. T. Grant Foundation Faculty Scholars Award
- social anxiety;
- risk factors;
To evaluate a developmental psychopathology approach for understanding adolescent social anxiety, parent-reported predictors of social anxiety were examined in a nonclinical sample of adolescents. Structured diagnostic interviews were obtained from biological parents of 770 participants. Potential risk factors assessed included child characteristics: negative affect, shyness, separation anxiety disorder, and childhood chronic illness, as well as parent characteristics: major depression, panic disorder, and agoraphobia. Adolescent social anxiety was measured multiple times during high school. Findings indicate stability in social anxiety symptoms across time. Parent-reported, childhood negative affect, shyness, and chronic illness as well as parental panic disorder or agoraphobia were associated with adolescent social anxiety. Interactions were observed between parent-reported childhood shyness and gender and between parent-reported childhood shyness and parent-reported childhood chronic illness in the prediction of social anxiety. Parent-reported childhood shyness was a stronger predictor of adolescent social anxiety in females compared to males. The combined effect of subjects being positive for both parent-reported childhood shyness and parent-reported childhood chronic illness was greater than would be expected based on additive effects. This study provides support for a multifactorial and developmentally informed understanding of adolescent social anxiety. Depression and Anxiety 0:1–7, 2007. Published 2007 Wiley-Liss, Inc.