The latent structure of obsessive-compulsive symptoms: a taxometric study
Article first published online: 17 OCT 2007
© 2007 Wiley-Liss, Inc.
Depression and Anxiety
Volume 25, Issue 11, pages 956–968, November 2008
How to Cite
Olatunji, B. O., Williams, B. J., Haslam, N., Abramowitz, J. S. and Tolin, D. F. (2008), The latent structure of obsessive-compulsive symptoms: a taxometric study. Depress. Anxiety, 25: 956–968. doi: 10.1002/da.20387
- Issue published online: 4 NOV 2008
- Article first published online: 17 OCT 2007
- Manuscript Accepted: 27 JUL 2007
- Manuscript Revised: 20 JUL 2007
- Manuscript Received: 10 MAY 2007
- obsessive-compulsive disorder;
There is increasing consensus that obsessive-compulsive (OC) symptoms are heterogeneous clinical phenomena that should be assessed, diagnosed, and treated from a multidimensional perspective. However, it remains unclear whether the heterogeneous OC symptoms represent discrete taxonomic entities. In this study, the categorical versus dimensional nature of OC symptoms and associated cognitions was examined in a large undiagnosed sample using taxometric methods. Six potential OC symptoms (washing, checking, obsessing, neutralizing, ordering, and hoarding) and three potential OC-related cognitions (responsibility/threat estimation, perfectionism/certainty, and importance of thoughts/control of thoughts) were examined using the MAXimum EIGenvalue and mean above minus below a cut procedures. Findings were largely consistent with dimensional models of the latent structure of all OC symptoms and cognitions with the exception of hoarding. The implications of these findings for the clinical assessment and diagnosis of OC symptoms and obsessive-compulsive disorder are discussed. Depression and Anxiety, 2008. © 2007 Wiley-Liss, Inc.