This article is a US Government work and, as such, is in the public domain in the United States of America.
Depressive characteristics of adult psychiatric inpatients with a history of multiple versus one or no suicide attempts†
Article first published online: 9 DEC 2008
This article is a US Government work and, as such, is in the public domain in the United States of America. Published in 2008 by Wiley-Liss, Inc.
Depression and Anxiety
Volume 26, Issue 6, pages 568–574, June 2009
How to Cite
Gibb, B. E., Andover, M. S. and Miller, I. W. (2009), Depressive characteristics of adult psychiatric inpatients with a history of multiple versus one or no suicide attempts. Depress. Anxiety, 26: 568–574. doi: 10.1002/da.20412
- Issue published online: 29 MAY 2009
- Article first published online: 9 DEC 2008
- Manuscript Accepted: 23 AUG 2007
- Manuscript Revised: 22 AUG 2007
- Manuscript Received: 11 APR 2007
- National Institute of Child Health and Human Development. Grant Number: HD048664
- National Institute of Mental Health. Grant Numbers: MH44779, MH58866
- multiple attempter;
- suicidal ideation;
Background: A growing body of research suggests that individuals with a history of multiple suicide attempts exhibit more severe psychopathology than individuals with only one or no previous suicide attempts. Given the strong link between diagnoses of major depression and suicide risk, our primary goal was to determine which specific depressive characteristics differentiate multiple attempters from patients with one or no previous attempts. Methods: Participants were 121 depressed adult psychiatric inpatients. Participants were administered diagnostic interviews to assess the course and characteristics of their depression history as well as measures of suicidal ideation, suicide attempts, depressive symptoms, hopelessness, and dysfunctional attitudes. Results: Patients with a history of multiple suicide attempts exhibited higher levels of suicidal ideation and depressive symptoms, but not hopelessness or dysfunctional attitudes, than the other two groups. In addition, multiple attempters reported an earlier age of major depression onset. Conclusions: The current results add to a growing body of research suggesting that multiple attempters may represent a distinct patient population. Depression and Anxiety, 2009. Published 2008 Wiley-Liss, Inc.