This article is a US Government work and, as such, is in the public domain in the United States of America.
The protective role of friendship on the effects of childhood abuse and depression†
Article first published online: 28 OCT 2008
This article is a US Government work and, as such, is in the public domain in the United States of America. Published in 2008 by Wiley-Liss, Inc.
Depression and Anxiety
Volume 26, Issue 1, pages 46–53, January 2009
How to Cite
Powers, A., Ressler, K. J. and Bradley, R. G. (2009), The protective role of friendship on the effects of childhood abuse and depression. Depress. Anxiety, 26: 46–53. doi: 10.1002/da.20534
- Issue published online: 15 JAN 2009
- Article first published online: 28 OCT 2008
- Manuscript Accepted: 29 AUG 2008
- Manuscript Revised: 25 AUG 2008
- Manuscript Received: 22 JUL 2008
- National Institutes of Mental Health. Grant Number: MH071537
- Emory and Grady Memorial Hospital General Clinical Research Center
- NIH National Centers for Research Resources. Grant Number: M01RR00039
- The Burroughs Wellcome Fund
- child abuse;
- childhood maltreatment;
- social support;
Background: This study explored the relationships between childhood maltreatment (sexual, physical, and emotional abuse, as well as neglect), adult depression, and perceived social support from family and friends. Methods: As part of an NIH-funded study of risk and resilience at a public urban hospital in Atlanta, 378 men and women recruited from the primary care and obstetrics gynecology clinic waiting areas answered questions about developmental history, traumatic experiences, current relationship support, and depressive symptoms. Results: Childhood emotional abuse and neglect proved more predictive of adult depression than childhood sexual or physical abuse. In females only, perceived friend social support protected against adult depression even after accounting for the contributions of both emotional abuse and neglect. Conclusions: These findings may elucidate the particular importance of understanding the effects that emotional abuse and neglect have on adult depression, and how perceived friendship support may provide a buffer for women with a history of early life stress who are at risk to develop adult depression. Depression and Anxiety, 2009. Published 2008 Wiley-Liss, Inc.