Role of anxiety sensitivity subfactors in suicidal ideation and suicide attempt history
The authors report they have no financial relationships within the past 3 years to disclose.
Correspondence to: Daniel W. Capron, Department of Psychology, Florida State University, 1107 W. Call St., Tallahassee, FL 32306
Anxiety along with anxiety-related risk factors has been increasingly implicated in suicidal ideation and suicide attempts. One such risk factor, anxiety sensitivity (AS), refers to fear of anxiety-related sensations. Subfactors of AS, notably physical and cognitive concerns, seem to be relevant to acquired capability, a risk factor for death by suicide from Joiner's (2005) Interpersonal–Psychological Theory of Suicide.
This study examined the effect of Anxiety Sensitivity Index (ASI) total score and subfactor scores on suicidal ideation and suicide attempt history in a very large, moderately severe outpatient sample (N = 1,378).
Analyses were consistent with our a priori predictions about ASI cognitive concern and suicidal ideation. In contrast, ASI physical concerns did not predict previous suicide attempt as well as ASI cognitive or social concerns. However, ASI physical concerns did moderate the relationship between ASI social concerns and previous suicide attempt.
These findings suggest that suicide potential may be related to cognitive risk factors for anxiety. Depression and Anxiety 0:1–7, 2011. © 2011 Wiley-Liss, Inc.