The authors disclose the following financial relationships within the past 3 years: The ninth author (B.A.E.) received payment for traveling to the University of Colorado to provide training in cognitive–behavioral group therapy to study therapists.
Cognitive–behavioral group therapy versus group psychotherapy for social anxiety disorder among college students: a randomized controlled trial†
Article first published online: 24 AUG 2011
© 2011 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
Depression and Anxiety
Volume 28, Issue 11, pages 1034–1042, November 2011
How to Cite
Bjornsson, A. S., Bidwell, L. C., Brosse, A. L., Carey, G., Hauser, M., Mackiewicz Seghete, K. L., Schulz-Heik, R. J., Weatherley, D., Erwin, B. A. and Craighead, W. E. (2011), Cognitive–behavioral group therapy versus group psychotherapy for social anxiety disorder among college students: a randomized controlled trial. Depress. Anxiety, 28: 1034–1042. doi: 10.1002/da.20877
- Issue published online: 10 NOV 2011
- Article first published online: 24 AUG 2011
- Manuscript Accepted: 5 JUL 2011
- Manuscript Revised: 27 JUN 2011
- Manuscript Received: 15 FEB 2011
Vol. 30, Issue 11, 1145–1146, Article first published online: 9 SEP 2013
- social anxiety disorder;
- social phobia;
- cognitive–behavioral group therapy;
- group psychotherapy;
- randomized controlled trial
Objective: In this randomized controlled trial, cognitive–behavioral group therapy (CBGT) for social anxiety disorder (SAD) was compared to group psychotherapy (GPT), a credible, structurally equivalent control condition that included only nonspecific factors of group treatment (such as group dynamics). Methods: Participants were 45 college students at the University of Colorado with a primary diagnosis of SAD. Each treatment condition comprised eight group sessions lasting 2 hr each. Independent assessors (blind to treatment assignment) assessed participants at baseline and posttreatment with the Clinical Global Impression Scale (CGI) and the Liebowitz Social Anxiety Scale (LSAS). Results: Both treatments were found to be equally credible. There were five noncompleters in the CBGT condition (21.7%) and only one in the GPT condition (4.3%). There were no statistically significant differences posttreatment (controlling for pretreatment scores) between the two treatment conditions, and both treatments were found to be efficacious. Effect sizes for CBGT were similar to earlier studies, and adherence ratings revealed excellent adherence. Conclusions: Treatment of SAD appears to be moving toward individual CBT, partly because of high attrition rates and underutilization of group dynamics in group CBT. However, group therapy has unique therapeutic ingredients, and it may be too early to give up on group treatment altogether. Discussion of these findings included future directions with this treatment modality, especially whether these two types of group treatment could be combined and whether such combination might serve to decrease attrition, enhance efficacy, and facilitate dissemination. Depression and Anxiety, 2011. © 2011 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.