Conflict of interest: none.
EMOTION-RELATED REGULATORY DIFFICULTIES CONTRIBUTE TO NEGATIVE PSYCHOLOGICAL OUTCOMES IN ACTIVE-DUTY IRAQ WAR SOLDIERS WITH AND WITHOUT POSTTRAUMATIC STRESS DISORDER
Article first published online: 27 MAR 2012
© 2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
Depression and Anxiety
Volume 29, Issue 7, pages 621–628, July 2012
How to Cite
Klemanski, D. H., Mennin, D. S., Borelli, J. L., Morrissey, P. M. and Aikins, D. E. (2012), EMOTION-RELATED REGULATORY DIFFICULTIES CONTRIBUTE TO NEGATIVE PSYCHOLOGICAL OUTCOMES IN ACTIVE-DUTY IRAQ WAR SOLDIERS WITH AND WITHOUT POSTTRAUMATIC STRESS DISORDER. Depress. Anxiety, 29: 621–628. doi: 10.1002/da.21914
- Issue published online: 3 JUL 2012
- Article first published online: 27 MAR 2012
- posttraumatic stress disorder;
- emotion regulation
Data suggest military personnel involved in U.S. military initiatives in Iraq and Afghanistan are returning from deployment with elevated rates of mental health diagnoses, including posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). The aim of this study was to examine difficulties with emotion regulation as a potential contributory mechanism by which soldiers have poorer psychological outcomes, such as depression, dissociation, alcohol abuse, and interpersonal difficulties. Participants were 44 active-duty male service members who comprised three groups, including those deployed with and without diagnosed PTSD and those prior to deployment. Participants in the PTSD group scored significantly higher on measures of self-reported depression, trauma-related dissociation, alcohol misuse, and social adjustment difficulties than did comparison groups. Importantly, difficulties with emotion regulation were found to partially mediate the relationship between PTSD and depression, poor social adjustment, and trauma-related depersonalization but not alcohol misuse. Emotion-regulation difficulties are important to consider in the relationship between PTSD and additional psychological outcomes in recently deployed personnel. Implications for treatment are briefly discussed.