Contract grant sponsor: WMH; contract grant sponsor: EU-WMH; contract grant number: EAHC 20081308; contract grant sponsor: ESEMeD; contract grant number: QLG5–1999–01042; SANCO 2004123; contract grant sponsor: Piedmont Region (Italy); contract grant sponsor: Fondo de Investigación Sanitaria; Instituto de Salud Carlos III, Spain; contract grant number: FIS 00/0028; contract grant sponsor: Ministerio de Ciencia y Tecnología, Spain; contract grant number: SAF 2000–158-CE; contract grant sponsor: Departament de Salut, Generalitat de Catalunya, Spain; Instituto de Salud Carlos III; contract grant number: CIBER CB06/02/0046, RETICS RD06/0011 REM-TAP.
IS ADHD IN CHILDHOOD ASSOCIATED WITH LIFETIME HOARDING SYMPTOMS? AN EPIDEMIOLOGICAL STUDY
Article first published online: 19 APR 2013
© 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
Depression and Anxiety
Volume 30, Issue 8, pages 741–748, August 2013
How to Cite
Fullana, M. A., Vilagut, G., Mataix-Cols, D., Adroher, N. D., Bruffaerts, R., Bunting, B., de Almeida, J. M. C., Florescu, S., de Girolamo, G., de Graaf, R., Haro, J. M., Kovess, V. and Alonso, J. (2013), IS ADHD IN CHILDHOOD ASSOCIATED WITH LIFETIME HOARDING SYMPTOMS? AN EPIDEMIOLOGICAL STUDY. Depress. Anxiety, 30: 741–748. doi: 10.1002/da.22123
No authors have any competing interests.
- Issue published online: 1 AUG 2013
- Article first published online: 19 APR 2013
- Manuscript Accepted: 25 MAR 2013
- Manuscript Revised: 18 MAR 2013
- Manuscript Received: 17 SEP 2012
- EU-WMH. Grant Number: EAHC 20081308
- ESEMeD. Grant Numbers: QLG5–1999–01042, SANCO 2004123
- Piedmont Region (Italy)
- Fondo de Investigación Sanitaria; Instituto de Salud Carlos III, Spain. Grant Number: FIS 00/0028
- Ministerio de Ciencia y Tecnología, Spain. Grant Number: SAF 2000–158-CE
- Departament de Salut, Generalitat de Catalunya, Spain; Instituto de Salud Carlos III. Grant Numbers: CIBER CB06/02/0046, RETICS RD06/0011 REM-TAP
- hoarding disorder;
- attention-deficit hyperactivity;
- obsessive-compulsive disorder;
Although hoarding symptoms have been traditionally conceptualized as part of obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), recent data suggest that they may be more closely related to attention-deficit hyperactivity (ADHD) symptoms and, in particular, inattention. The aim of the present epidemiological study was to investigate the association between retrospectively reported ADHD symptoms in childhood and lifetime hoarding symptoms.
Retrospectively reported childhood ADHD, and lifetime hoarding and obsessive-compulsive symptoms were assessed with the Composite International Diagnostic Interview 3.0 in a random subsample of individuals (n = 2,963) participating in a cross-sectional survey of the adult general population of nine European countries, as part of the World Mental Health (WMH) Surveys.
Lifetime hoarding symptoms were more common among individuals with childhood ADHD symptoms than those without ADHD symptoms (8.9% versus 2.7%, P = 0.024). Childhood inattention (but not hyperactivity) was associated with lifetime hoarding symptoms (OR = 6.04, 95% CI = 3.59–10.1) and this association remained significant after controlling for the presence of obsessive-compulsive symptoms.
Longitudinal studies are now needed to explore the hypothesis that inattention symptoms in childhood may be a precursor of hoarding difficulties later in life.