ENERGY DRINK CONSUMPTION IS ASSOCIATED WITH ANXIETY IN AUSTRALIAN YOUNG ADULT MALES

Authors

  • Georgina S.A. Trapp Ph.D.,

    Corresponding author
    1. Telethon Institute for Child Health Research, Centre for Child Health Research, The University of Western Australia, Perth, Western Australia
    • Correspondence to: Georgina Trapp, Telethon Institute for Child Health Research, Centre for Child Health Research, The University of Western Australia, PO Box 855, West Perth 6872, Western Australia. E-mail: gtrapp@ichr.uwa.edu.au

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  • Karina Allen Ph.D.,

    1. Telethon Institute for Child Health Research, Centre for Child Health Research, The University of Western Australia, Perth, Western Australia
    2. School of Psychology, The University of Western Australia, Perth, Western Australia
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  • Therese A. O'Sullivan Ph.D.,

    1. Telethon Institute for Child Health Research, Centre for Child Health Research, The University of Western Australia, Perth, Western Australia
    2. School of Exercise and Health Sciences, Edith Cowan University, Perth, Western Australia
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  • Monique Robinson Ph.D.,

    1. Telethon Institute for Child Health Research, Centre for Child Health Research, The University of Western Australia, Perth, Western Australia
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  • Peter Jacoby M.Sc.,

    1. Telethon Institute for Child Health Research, Centre for Child Health Research, The University of Western Australia, Perth, Western Australia
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  • Wendy H. Oddy Ph.D., M.P.H.

    1. Telethon Institute for Child Health Research, Centre for Child Health Research, The University of Western Australia, Perth, Western Australia
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  • This article was originally published on September 9, 2013. Subsequently, an erroneous value in Table 7 was corrected, and the corrected version was published on September 23.

  • Contract grant sponsor: National Heart Foundation of Australia/Beyond Blue Strategic Research Initiative; Contract grant number: ID G08P4036; Contract grant sponsor: National Health and Medical Research Council (NHMRC); Contract grant number: ID 1022134; Contract grant sponsor: The University of Western Australia (UWA); Contract grant sponsor: Raine Medical Research Foundation; Contract grant sponsor: Telethon Institute for Child Health Research (TICHR); Contract grant sponsor: UWA Faculty of Medicine, Dentistry and Health Sciences; Contract grant sponsor: Women and Infants Research Foundation; Contract grant sponsor: Curtin University; Contract grant sponsor: Lions Eye Institute; Contract grant sponsor: CIHR (Lye et al.); Contract grant sponsor: NHMRC; Contract grant numbers: ID 63445, ID 634509, ID 634457, and ID 1003424

Abstract

Background

Energy drinks are predominantly targeted to young adult consumers; however, there has been limited research into their effects on psychological functioning in this demographic group. This study examined cross-sectional associations between energy drink consumption and mental health in a population-based sample of young adults participating in the Western Australian Pregnancy Cohort (Raine) Study.

Methods

We used self-report questionnaires to assess energy drink consumption and mental health (Depression Anxiety Stress Scale-21; DASS-21) at the 20-year cohort follow-up. In the regression analyses, we considered associations between energy drink consumption (mL/day) and continuous DASS-21 scores, adjusting for sociodemographic variables, alcohol and drug use, physical activity, body mass index (BMI), and dietary intake. Our sample included 502 males and 567 females (mean age 20 ± 3 years).

Results

After adjusting for potential confounding factors and controlling for coexisting mental health problems, energy drink consumption (per 100 mL/day) was significantly associated with anxiety (but not depression or stress), and this relationship was found only in males (β = 0.32; 95% CI = 0.05, 0.58).

Conclusions

Our study found that energy drink consumption was associated with increased anxiety in young adult males. Further research into the possible contribution of energy drink use to the development of mental health problems in young adults is needed.

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